Avoid Diabetes, Eat Avocados!

Eating avocados may help to safeguard against type 2 diabetes. A study by the University of Guelph found that a compound called avocationB (AvoB) counteracts the insulin resistance and oxidation in skeletal muscles. In the study, mice were fed a high-fat diet to induce obesity and insulin resistance for eight weeks. For the next five… Read More

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Linking Aerobic Exercise, Obese Rats & Insulin Signalling

Research Paper Title Aerobic Exercise Improves Food Reward Systems in Obese Rats via Insulin Signaling Regulation of Dopamine Levels in the Nucleus Accumbens. Background The dopaminergic pathway, comprising projections from the ventral tegmental area to the nucleus accumbens, constitutes the core of the brain reward system. Insufficient food reward caused by dopamine signaling dysfunction in… Read More

Exergames for Obesity Prevention: Can We Use Discrepancy in Players’ Abilities as a Strategy to Motivate Physical Activity?

Research Paper Title Two-player partnered exergame for obesity prevention: using discrepancy in players’ abilities as a strategy to motivate physical activity. Background Physical inactivity is associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes. A key obstacle to physical activity is lack of motivation. Although some interactive exercise games (i.e. exergames – video games that require physical… Read More

Levels & Implications of Obesity in the British Army

Research Paper Title Prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of obesity in the British Army. Background The trend of escalating obesity has prompted some armed forces to employ comprehensive health surveys to report obesity trends and prevalence, the findings of which suggest that obesity is a growing concern in these specific populations. Therefore, the aim of this… Read More

Linking Skeletons, Loading & Fractures…

Did you know that your skeleton adapts to changes in mechanical loading, altering its mass and structure to modify bone strength? Also, bone mineral density is positively related to body mass index (BMI), and alterations in body weight are accompanied by changes in bone mass that reflect the new loading environment. Low BMI is a well recognised risk factor… Read More

Could An Injection Reduce Appetite?

An injection that decreases appetite helps obese monkeys slim down fast and cuts their risk of diabetes. A protein called GDF15 naturally regulates body weight in humans and other animals. Several teams have tried developing GDF15 as an obesity treatment, but it breaks down too quickly in the bloodstream to work. Now a team led… Read More