Background

Military recruitment is the recruitment of civilians from the domestic, and sometimes international, population for military positions. In other words it is the act of requesting people (usually male adults aged 18-30 years old) to join the military voluntarily.

Training, Shelter Lesson

Even before the era of all-volunteer military organisations the recruitment of volunteers was an important component of filling military positions, and in countries that have abolished involuntary military recruitment (i.e. conscription) it is the sole means.

To facilitate this process, military organisations around the world have developed a variety of recruiting channels. Although the recruitment process may differ between military organisations, recent cross-cultural studies suggest that, throughout the world, the same broad categories may be used to define recruitment appeals. These include:

  • War;
  • Economic motivation;
  • Education;
  • Family and friends;
  • Politics; and
  • Identity and psychosocial factors.

There are a number of ways to enter the military but the first choice an individual will need to consider is if they want a career as:

  • An Other Rank: civilian equivalents include apprentices, tradesmen, team leaders, supervisors and junior managers. Also known as enlisted ranks/personnel and non-commissioned members (NCMs).
  • A Commissioned Officer: civilian equivalents include graduates, professionals (i.e. doctors), junior and middle managers, and executives.

The individual would then need to decide on the trade (i.e. job/role) they wish to pursue during their military career. Once this has been decided a candidate needs to think about whether they wish to sign-up to the Regular Force or the Reserve Force (these articles will be focusing mainly on the Regular Forces).

The associated pages will be looking at a number of areas such as recruitment and selection and initial (basic) training for a variety of military organisations, as highlighted below (click on the title to open the page).

  1. Armed Forces of the United Kingdom.
  2. Armed Forces of the United States of America.
  3. Australian Defence Forces (ADF).
  4. Canadian Armed Forces (CAF), also known as the Canadian Forces (CF).

2 thoughts on “Military Training

  1. in what year in the military did it become compulsary to use two parachutes main one gq irwin and a may west reserve

    1. Hi Chris,

      During WWII the Americans utilised a reserve parachute with their system, the British did not (feeling it was unnecessary due to the low height of wartime jumps and the reliability of the then X-Type ‘main’ parachute system.)􀀑 A reserve X-Type parachute was first utilised on 01 November 1955, which was replaced in 1981 with the PR7 reserve parachute which had a canopy of 22 ft (the X-type was 714cm). The X-type was itself replaced in the 1960s by the PX-Type which had a larger canopy (although essentially it was a X-Type at heart), which in turn was replaced in 1993 by the GQ LLP Mk1 rig. (Skinner, 2015, p.22-23)

      Skinner, R. (2015) Warrior 174: British Paratrooper 1940-1945. Oxford: Osprey Publishing Ltd.

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