Teaching German in the US

“With its large German immigrant population, Ohio was the first of several states to permit teaching in German alongside English. By 1900 some 4% of elementary-school pupils in America were taught at least partly in German. After the first world war anti-German sentiment led to the end of those programmes and, in Ohio and Indiana,… Read More

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Costa Rica: What Army?

““Democracy and freedom only exist when the armed forces want them to,” he [Jair Bolsonaro, President of Brazil] said in a speech in March at a military ceremony. This will be news to Costa Rica. Its decision to abolish its army in 1948 is widely regarded as having helped it stay free.” (The Economist, 2019,… Read More

Courses Never Taught Me Anything!

“A precocious boy – a student at the University of the Witwatersrand by the time he was 15 – and bullied for it, reading was his connection to the wider world. Courses, he said, never taught him anything. The way to learn was to get a book that told you how to do things, and… Read More

Being A Dog Owner Can Help You Meet Physical Activity Guidelines

A canine companion brings at least one important health benefit: getting more exercise. In news that will surprise few owners, researchers found that those with pooches are much more likely to meet weekly targets for the amount of time spent engaging in physical activity. The UK government’s guidelines recommend adults get at least 150 minutes… Read More

Scientific Replication: Just Flip a Coin!

“Replication is to the scientific process what water is to a swimming pool: without it, you’ve just got a lot of people in safety goggles angrily beating the floor with their fists. It is a simple enough principle. If your experiment says a certain effect should follow a certain cause, then anybody replicating that cause… Read More

A Declaration of War!

Declaration of War required: The contracting parties recognise that hostilities between themselves must not commence without previous and’explicit warning in the form either of a reasoned declaration of war or of an ultimatum accompanied by a conditional declaration of war. The framers of the Hague Rules were agreed to one rule, namely, that an attack… Read More

Is there a Long-term Impact on Quality of Life after Repatriation for Diseases or Non-Battle Injuries?

Research Paper Title Repatriation for diseases or non-battle injuries (DNBI): long-term impact on quality of life. Background Throughout history, diseases and non-battle injuries (DNBI) have threatened deployed forces more than battlefield injuries. During the Dutch involvement in Afghanistan, the amount of DNBI that needed medical evacuation out of theatre (60%) exceeded the number of battle… Read More