Military Training: Load Carriage Performance & Reducing the Risk of Injury

Research Paper Title The effect of training on lumbar spine posture and intervertebral disc degeneration in active-duty [US] Marines. Background Military training aims to improve load carriage performance and reduce risk of injuries. Data describing the lumbar spine (LS) postural response to load carriage throughout training are limited. The researchers hypothesised that training would reduce… Read More

Is there a Correlation between Autonomic Dysfunction & Metabolic Syndrome?

Research Paper Title Study on autonomic dysfunction and metabolic syndrome in Chinese patients. Background There is still a lack of simple methods and instruments for the early assessment of autonomic dysfunction in metabolic syndrome patients. Assessment of sudomotor function has been proposed to explore autonomic function, and could be used as an early biomarker for… Read More

Biomechanics: Linking Load Carriage, Knee Joints & Run-to-Stop Manoeuvres

Research Paper Title Soldier-relevant body borne loads increase knee joint contact force during a run-to-stop manoeuvre. Background The purpose of this study was to understand the effects of load carriage on human performance, specifically during a run-to-stop (RTS) task. Methods Using OpenSim analysis tools, knee joint contact force, grounds reaction force, leg stiffness and lower… Read More

Sir Hugh Cairns and Head & Brain Injuries in World War II

Research Paper Title Sir Hugh Cairns and World War II British advances in head injury management, diffuse brain injury, and concussion: an Oxford tale. Abstract The authors trace the Oxford, England, roots of World War II (WWII)-related advances in head injury management, the biomechanics of concussion and brain injury, and postwar delineation of pathological findings… Read More

US Army Soldiers: Sickle Cell Trait & the Risk of Exertional Rhabdomyolysis

Research Paper Title Sickle Cell Trait and Rhabdomyolysis among U.S. Army Soldiers. Background Studies have suggested that sickle cell trait elevates the risks of exertional rhabdomyolysis and death. We conducted a study of sickle cell trait in relation to these outcomes, controlling for known risk factors for exertional rhabdomyolysis, in a large population of active… Read More