What is a Bunker?

Introduction A bunker is a defensive military fortification designed to protect people and valued materials from falling bombs or other attacks. Bunkers are mostly underground, in contrast to blockhouses which are mostly above ground. They were used extensively in World War I, World War II, and the Cold War for weapons facilities, command and control… Read More


What is the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery?

Introduction The Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) is a multiple choice test, administered by the United States Military Entrance Processing Command, used to determine qualification for enlistment in the United States Armed Forces. It is often offered to US high school students when they are in the 10th, 11th and 12th grade, though anyone… Read More

What is the Army Beta Test?

Introduction The Army Beta 1917 is the non-verbal complement of the Army Alpha – a group-administered test developed by Robert Yerkes and six other committee members to evaluate some 1.5 million military recruits in the United States during World War I. The Army used it to evaluate illiterate, unschooled, and non-English speaking army recruits. It… Read More

What is the Army Alpha Test?

Introduction The Army Alpha is a group-administered test developed by Robert Yerkes and six others in order to evaluate the many US military recruits during World War I. It was first introduced in 1917 due to a demand for a systematic method of evaluating the intellectual and emotional functioning of soldiers. The test measured “verbal… Read More

What is the Army General Classification Test?

Introduction The Army General Classification Test (AGCT) has a long history that runs parallel with research and means for attempting the assessment of intelligence or other abilities. Background World War I and World War II created the need for this type of testing and provided a large body of test subjects. The early emphasis (World… Read More


“In such times as these, the Army must be well trained, well equipped and well led by men of courage and of vision if it is to provide security of the quality and degree which the situation required.” General Maxwell D. Taylor (1901 to 1987) Maxwell Davenport Taylor was a US Army officer who became… Read More

On This Day … 15 January

Events 69 – Otho seizes power in Rome, proclaiming himself Emperor of Rome, beginning a reign of only three months. 1541 – King Francis I of France gives Jean-François Roberval a commission to settle the province of New France (Canada) and provide for the spread of the “Holy Catholic faith”. 1559 – Elizabeth I is… Read More