What was the Aetolian War (191-189 BC)?

Introduction The Aetolian War (191-189 BC) was fought between the Romans and their Achaean and Macedonian allies, and the Aetolian League and their allies the kingdom of Athamania. The Aetolians had invited Antiochus III the Great to Greece, who came, but after his defeat by the Romans returned to Asia. This left the Aetolians and… Read More

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What was the Achaean War (146 BC)?

Introduction The Achaean War of 146 BC was fought between the Roman Republic and the Greek Achaean League, an alliance of Achaean and other Peloponnesian states in ancient Greece. It was the final stage of Rome’s conquest of mainland Greece, taking place just after the Fourth Macedonian War (150-148 BC). Rome and Achaea had been… Read More

On This Day … 15 April

Events 1071 – Bari, the last Byzantine possession in southern Italy, is surrendered to Robert Guiscard. 1395 – Timur defeats Tokhtamysh of the Golden Horde at the Battle of the Terek River. The Golden Horde capital city, Sarai, is razed to the ground and Timur installs a puppet ruler on the throne. 1450 – Battle… Read More

What was Operation Savannah (Angola) (1975-1976)?

Introduction Operation Savannah was the South African code name for their military incursion into Angola in 1975-1976. In Angola, these actions were known as the 1975-1976 South African Invasion and the Luanda Conquest Campaign. It was part of the South African Border War and arose due to the Angolan War of Independence. The operation also… Read More

What was Ogaden War (1977-1978)?

Introduction The Ogaden War, or the Ethio-Somali War (Somali: Dagaalkii Xoraynta Soomaali Galbeed), was a Somali military offensive between 13 July 1977 and 23 March 1978 over the Ethiopian sector of Ogaden, which began with the Somali invasion of Ethiopia. The Soviet Union disapproved of the invasion and ceased its support of Somalia, instead starting… Read More

What was the Ethiopian Revolution (1974) & The Derg?

Introduction The Derg (also spelled Dergue; from Amharic: ደርግ, “committee” or “council”; Oromo: Dergii), officially the Provisional Military Government of Ethiopia, was the military junta that ruled Ethiopia from 1974 to 1987, when the military leadership formally civilianised the administration but stayed in power until 1991. The Derg was established in June 1974 as the… Read More

What was the Eritrean War of Independence (1961-1991)?

Introduction The Eritrean War of Independence was a conflict fought between successive Ethiopian governments and Eritrean independence fighters from 01 September 1961 to 24 May 1991. After the defeat of the Italians from Eritrea by the Allies in 1941, Eritrea became a British protectorate until 1951. The General Assembly of the United Nations held a… Read More