Last Updated: 30 August, 2015
From tanks and ammunition to letters and food, the Royal Logistics Corps (RLCs) job is to get the right amount of the right kit to the right people in the right place at the right time enabling the Army to do its job.
The RLC along with the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, Army Medical Services, Adjutant General’s Corps and the Intelligence Corps form the British Army’s Combat Service Support forces.
In 2012, the Combat Service Support Capability Directorate (CSSCD) brought together the Royal Logistics Corps and the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers in one central authority.
The RLC has a number of trades which soldiers can join (British Army, 2013):
- Driver: As a Logistic Support Driver individuals can operate, maintain and service military vehicles in all types of conditions.
- Driver Communications Specialist: In this dual role individuals train as a basic signaller, operating radio devices and digital communication systems. Individuals then work with charging equipment and field telephones, maintaining networks while advising commanders on security.
- Air Despatcher: prepare provisions, equipment and vehicles for delivery by planes and helicopters and accompany them into the air and drop them by parachute onto the combat zone.
- Ammunition Technician: specialists in explosives, bomb disposal and everything associated with ammunition.
- Chef: An army marches on its stomach, and it is the chef’s job to give soldiers a balanced and healthy diet, whether at home or working abroad; cooking for everyone from new recruits to royalty, producing tasty meals in static kitchens, or on the move in the field. Expert training teaches individuals how to cook nutritious meals, whatever the circumstances.
- Fuel Specialist: cater for all the military’s fuel and oil needs; storing, handling and delivering a range of petroleum products.
- Seaman/Navigator: specialists in transporting troops and supplies on sea-going craft.
- Marine Engineer: is responsible for keeping the Army’s landing craft and other vessels – used to ferry soldiers, vehicles and supplies ashore – seaworthy by using metalworking skills like welding and brazing to keep their structures sound and rust-free, and also repair and maintain their engines, from small outboards to powerful marine diesels.
- Movement Controller: direct and control transporter vehicles at ports, airfields and railway terminals, ensuring a safe and efficient movement of troops, vehicles and supplies, while combining the skills of manager and diplomat.
- Port Operator: load and unload ships using a variety of heavy-duty vehicles and mechanical equipment, including large cranes and container handlers.
- Postal Courier: are responsible for the secure delivery and receipt of mail to soldiers, sailors and airmen, and includes training as a courier, mail guard, counter clerk and sorter.
- Logistic Specialist: are charge of provisions in Army stores around the world, controlling the flow of spare parts and ammunition for all the Army’s armoured vehicles. They are also experts in warehouse management and stock-room software. Duties cover the issuing, receipt, storage and maintenance of equipment, food and fuel.
RLC officers can train as:
- Ammunition Technical Officer
- Port and Maritime Operations Officer
- Petroleum Officer
- Food Services Officer
- Postal and Courier Services Officer
2.0 Training Hierarchy
The RLCs Phase 2 specialist and Phase 3 career Defence Training Establishments (DTEs) (Figure 1) form part of the Defence College of Logistics, Policing and Administration which in turn forms part of the Army Recruiting and Training Division (ARTD), commanded by the Director General Army Recruiting and Training (DG ART), a Major General (OF-7), who in turn reports to the Commander Force Development and Training (FDT), a Lieutenant General (OF-8).
During the 2013/2014 training year the ARTD was re-subordinated back to the Adjutant General’s Corps (AGC), also under the command of a Lieutenant General (OF-8), and at the same time absorbed the Collective Training Group (CTG).
Figure 1: RLC Defence Training Establishments
3.0 Defence College of Logistics, Policing and Administration
The Defence College of Logistics, Policing and Administration (DCLPA), based at The Princess Royal Barracks, Camberley, is a tri-Service organisation responsible for the delivery of integrated logistics and personnel administration training, to the quantity and standards directed by the Training Delivery Authority (TDA) and Training Requirements Authority (TRA), XXX (IOT) support the operational requirements of Defence. The DCLPA is commanded by a Brigadier (OR-6) with the title of Commandant DCLPA. Comprising four schools over 11 sites, as highlighted below, the DCLPA delivers Phase 2 and 3 training for all Military Logisticians and HR Administrators across Defence.
- Defence School of Personnel Administration (DSPA): trains Army Education officers and all Army and Royal Air Force HR specialists. Incorporating the Army’s Staff and Personnel Support Training School, the Army’s School of Education and the RAF School of Personnel Administration.
- Defence Maritime Logistics School (DMLS): for Royal Navy Logistics branch personnel.
- Defence Logistics School (DLS): see Section 4.0.
- All Arms Wing:
- Command Wing:
- Food Services Wing:
- Supply & Movement Training Wing:
- 25 Training Regiment:
- Defence School of Transport (DST): see Section 5.0.
- Driver Training Wing.
- Advanced Training Wing.
4.0 Defence Logistics School
The Defence Logistics School is located at the Princess Royal Barracks, Deepcut (near Camberley, Surrey), and is commonly referred to as Deepcut Barracks. The headquarters of the RLC is also located at Deepcut.
The Defence Logistics School is responsible for training in logistics skills for Army and RAF officers and other ranks, as well as some naval logistics disciplines. The school consists of:
- All Arms Wing (with an outstation at Ashchurch).
- Command Wing: professional leadership and management training of Army logisticians at junior, middle and senior management levels; approximately 1,000 students per year.
- Food Services Wing: is responsible for planning and delivering chef/steward training for Army and RAF students, approximately 450 per year, through a range of 12 courses.
- Defence Petroleum School: provides petroleum and fuels training and is located at West Moors.
- RAF Supply & Movement Training Wing (based at RAF Halton, with outstations at RAF Cranwell; RAF Brize Norton; and Deepcut)):
- 25 Training Regiment (with outstations at Marchwood (Sea Mounting Centre); West Moors; and Bicester).
RLC personnel conduct their Phase 2 specialist training at Deepcut and all officers undertake the RLC Troop Commanders Course prior to posting to a Regiment.
4.1 Food Services Wing
Accredited courses offered by the Food Services Wing (Institute of Hospitality, 2014) include:
- Army (Royal Logistic Corps):
- Food Services Chef Class 1
- Food Services Production Supervisor
- Food Services Unit Catering Manager
- Food Services WO
- Logistic Food Services Officer
- Royal Air Force:
- Chef Advanced
- Catering Advanced
- Catering Supervisors
- Catering Manager
- Catering Officers Pre-Employment Course
4.2 RAF Supply and Movement Training Wing
The RAF Supply and Movement Training Wing, based at RAF Halton, delivers:
- RAF Logistics (Supply and Movements) training;
- Army Movements training;
- Army, RAF, Royal Navy and Civil Service BSc and MSc Logistics Management programmes (delivered in partnership with the University of Lincoln); and
- RAF logistics management training.
4.3 25 Training Regiment
25 Training Regiment, commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel (OF-4), is predominantly based at Princess Royal Barracks in Surrey and provides the duty of care, administrative support and military continuation training to soldiers undertaking initial trade training.
The Regiment is also responsible for training Phase 2 & 3 personnel in Postal & Courier, Engineer Resources, Pioneer artisan skills, Supply operations, Rail, Petroleum operations and Port & Maritime operations.
The delivery of this training amounts to nearly 100 different course types with over 200 course instances per year. This generates a potential throughput of trainees of somewhere in the region of 3,000 per year.
Phase 2 trainees arrive at the Regiment from AFC Harrogate and ATR Winchester but predominantly from ATC Pirbright. Phase 3 trainees are predominantly from the wider RLC but also come from the All Arms, Joint, Service Specific, TA (Army Reserve) and Officer communities’.
86 Squadron is responsible for Pioneer, Postal and Courier Operator, Port Operator, Seaman Navigator, Marine Engineer, Ammunition Technician and Movement Controller CEGs. 109 Squadron are responsible for Logistic Specialist (Supply), Royal Engineer Resource Specialist and Petroleum Operator CEGs.
Under Army 2020 reform, 25 Training Regiment RLC will consist of:
- 73 Training Squadron;
- 85 Training Squadron; and
- 109 Training Squadron.
5.0 Defence School of Transport
The Defence School of Transport (DST), based at Normandy Barracks, Leconfield, East Yorkshire, was formed in 1996 as the Centre of Excellence for providing driver and transport management training to personnel from the Army, Royal Air Force and Royal Marines.
The DST is commanded by a Colonel (OF-5) who is assisted by two Lieutenant Colonels (OF-4), one in the role of Chief Instructor (or SO1 Training Delivery) and the other as Chief of Staff (COS).
The DST provides more than 140 different courses, delivering transport management and operation training, for over 19,000 trainees a year. At any one time, the DST can train up to 1,500 personnel. This makes the DST probably the largest residential driver training school in the world. In addition to core training of military personnel, DST provides specialist training to the Police, Fire Service and overseas training to Defence Attachés, bespoke courses for foreign customers, and additional courses to support operations in Afghanistan and Northern Ireland. Training is delivered by an establishment of 230 military personnel, over 800 civil servants and support staff, and some 250 contract staff. The DST has nine satellite locations in the south of England providing car licence acquisition.
- Driver Training Wing: delivers licence acquisition for all types of vehicle from motorcycle to large goods vehicle, conversion to military vehicles, and an introduction to operating military vehicles in the field.
- Advanced Training Wing: training for newly commissioned Logistics Officers, Driving Examiners and Instructors, ‘Blue Light’ emergency vehicle training, transport management courses, signals training and driving and instruction.
There are over 147 different course types which are available to all three Services and to personnel from other Government departments. The total number of courses can be broken down into:
- Phase 2: 10 types
- Phase 3: 70 types, including:
- Defence Driving Instructors
- Defence Driving Examiners
- UOR (Urgent Operational Requirement): 60 types
Primarily all Phase 2 students (Trade Training Phase) will undergo licence acquisition for all types of vehicle from cars, LGV’s, and coaches. The modular structure of licence acquisition courses offers students the flexibility to be trained at their own pace. The courses include conversion to military vehicles, and an introduction to operating military vehicles in the field. Students are also taught in all aspects of camouflage and concealment, moving into tactical locations, and driving by night. Modules also include overnight exercises on the training area. Every opportunity is given to students to practice the skills they have learnt in the classroom. More complex courses (Phase 3 and UOR) range from:
- Defence Licence Acquisition Instructor
- Defence Driving Examiner
- Communications Specialists for Combat Service Support organisations
- Transport and Fleet Management training
- Upgrading personnel in driver trades
- Op Herrick (Afghanistan) pre-deployment vehicle training
- Operator and instructor courses on specialist and operational vehicles and equipment
DST has also generated additional courses to support operations in Iraq and Afghanistan as well as Northern Ireland. Bespoke courses have also been created for foreign customers.
5.2 Driver Training Wing
The aim of Driver Training Wing (DTW) is to successfully train all students to reach the set standards of licence acquisition and then to best prepare them for the Front Line Commands through the Service Driver Conversion (SDC) military aspect of driver training.
DTW, commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel (OF-4), consists of a small HQ and co-ordination cell with Licence Acquisition Squadron (LAS) and Military Driver Training Squadron being the actual training deliverers.
The Military Support Squadron provides student management, administration, discipline and duty of care functions, while the Student Focus Team provides the initial welfare point of contact for all trainees within DTW. The Defence Licensing and Testing Authority undertake all driver licence testing of trainees.
Commander DTW is also responsible for DTW (South), based at Deepcut and satellite stations collocated with the Army Phase 2 schools in the South of England and DTW (North) based at Catterick. Finally, 110 Squadron RLC (RLC vocational drivers) which relocated from Deepcut to Leconfield is also part of DTW.
DTW is the start point for all drivers training and is where all Army and RAF Phase 2 specialist drivers receive their basic trade training before being posted to a frontline unit. However, DTW is also responsible for the provision of licence acquisition training and SDC courses to other Army Phase 2 schools including:
- Army Air Corps;
- Royal Signals;
- Royal Engineers;
- Royal Artillery;
- Intelligence Corps; and
- Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers.
Personnel from these schools have a requirement to drive Large Goods Vehicles (LGVs). DTW (South) co-ordinates all contract Category B training for the Army Phase 2 schools, prior to being fed into DTW at Leconfield to obtain their LGV and SDC training. Additionally, DTW is responsible for providing training for all those Phase 3 trainees who require driver training, whether they are Royal Marines, Army or RAF. All training for LGV licence acquisition and module 1 of the SDC course is the same; Phase 2 and Phase 3 trainees all train alongside each other. Training within DTW can be divided into three main areas:
- Licence acquisition (theory & practical training);
- Service Driver Conversions; and
- Hazardous material/ADR training.
There’s more about each of these below.
5.2.1 Licence Acquisition (Theory & Practical Training)
Within LAS, the full gambit of driving licences is catered for with training provided for:
- Category B (car)
- Category B+E (car + trailer)
- Category C (LGV)
- Category C+E (LGV + trailer)
- Category D (coach)
- Category D1 (minibus)
Before trainees physically get behind the wheel of a vehicle, they must pass the respective theory and hazard perception tests for each licence category. This is achieved through classroom work utilising a variety of video and audio facilities and computer-based training. Once the trainee has successfully passed his/her theory and hazard perception test, he/she will enter a ‘pool’ waiting to be picked up for practical driver training of the licence category he/she requires.
All instruction is conducted on a Fixed Mastery Variable Timescale basis, i.e. there is no set time period to complete the respective test. As individuals, all trainees will take different amounts of time to pass the various course elements but all are required to reach the minimum legal test standard as determined by the Driving Standards Agency. Hence this test standard is the fixed mastery element, but each student will achieve this in the time that it takes them as an individual.
While the onus is on DTW to train the trainees, there is a judgement call to be made on how long you can continue to train someone. On average, it takes 11 days to pass the Category C test and a further 5 days to pass the Category C+E test. However, driving LGVs is a skill that not all can master and occasionally individuals have to be returned to their unit for failing to make the grade (or re-mustered for RLC and RAF specialist drivers).
5.2.2 Service Driver Conversions
Once the trainees have completed their licence acquisitions, they will all then have to undergo General Service (GS) driver conversion courses. This is the military input into driver training, essentially turning trainees from pure drivers into operators. All personnel, irrespective of Service/Arm, undertake the GS1 module utilising the MAN SV 6 or 9T truck; this includes elements of motor transport administration (including driver hours, rest periods etc), familiarisation on GS vehicles, their operation, route planning and convoy driving day and night, on and off road. The GS1 module lasts for six days.
On completion, the non-vocational drivers have completed their basic driver training and return to their respective units. However, the specialist vocational drivers (RLC, Army Air Corps and RAF) and elements of Royal Engineers, Royal Signals and Gurkha specialist drivers remain on the course for further training on a variety of specialist vehicles. Upon successful completion of the GS1 module, the specialist drivers then move on to the four Basic Close Combat Skills (BCCS) course which includes practical lessons and tests on camouflage and concealment, convoy driving, prisoner handling and improvised explosive devices.
5.2.3 Hazardous Material/ADR Training
All trainees are provided with Dangerous Goods Awareness training but vocational drivers also receive formal training from the HAZMAT team in all aspects of the transportation of dangerous goods. This element of the course lasts six days and is fully accredited with the Scottish Vocational Qualifications Authority.
5.3 Advanced Training Wing
Nearly 10,000 Service personnel across Defence are instructed in the Advanced Training Wing (ATW) on more than 1000 programmed courses on 107 different course types each year.
The types of courses in ATW are varied, ranging from Op HERRICK pre-deployment vehicle training, Defence Licence Acquisition Instructors, training personnel as operators and instructors on specialist and operational vehicles and equipment and upgrading personnel in Driver trades.
ATW also trains Communications Specialists for Combat Service Support organisations and provides Transport Management training and qualifications at all levels. Courses are available to all three Services and also to personnel from other Government departments.
ATW, commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel (OF-4), consists of four training divisions, each commanded by a Major (OF-3) and comprising of about 250 military and civilian training officers and instructors. ATWs main aim is to achieve the highest standards with the right balance of technical and practical content in order to effectively support Operations.
5.3.1 Vehicle Division
Vehicle Division is directly responsible for the delivery of training to more than 60% of all students within the Advanced Training Wing including many vital Op HERRICK pre-deployment courses. Comprising over 100 Military and Civilian Instructors, it is the largest Squadron in the Wing. Annually training up to 6,000 Tri-Service Phase 3 personnel to operate and instruct on specialist vehicles.
Mastiff Troop, consisting of both Regular and Full Time Reserve Service instructors focus on the Squadron’s Main Effort which is the training of approximately 3000 personnel on heavy Protected Mobility Vehicles as part of HERRICK pre-deployment preparations.
The civilian staff are structured into three teams that deliver a broad range of instruction ranging from specialist advanced driving skills through to operators/instructors on mechanical handling equipment and the output of fully trained Defence General Service Driver Conversion Instructors. Across the board students vary from Brigadiers on the Defence Attaché Course to Airman training to operate Hysters in a warehouse environment.
5.3.2 Special Training Division
Specialist Training Division provide the spearhead of vehicle training to meet the UOR for new and steady state vehicles, essential to the success of each Brigade deployment on OP HERRICK. Its team of 57 Tri-Service and Civilian Instructors work tirelessly throughout each deployment build-up phase, to ensure highly skilled Operators and Instructors are in place to deliver Britain’s Fighting and Support capabilities.
With new vehicles such as Husky, Jackal and Foxhound, the division is also instrumental in the role out and continual development process of both vehicles and courses to ensure the continuity required by the demands of current Operations.
ATV Section delivers training on the Hagglunds BV 206 (has now been replaced as an operational vehicle by the ATV(P) Viking, which is the modern armoured protected upgrade of the old platform.) to both operators and instructors; approximately 24 operator courses and 8 instructor courses per year. ATV Section comprises four personnel, headed by a Royal Marines Colour Sergeant (OR-7) as Team Leader with three Sergeants (OR-6), or Service equivalent.
Protect Mobility Closed (PMC) Section is headed by a Royal Marines Colour Sergeant (OR-7) as Team Leader. PMC Section delivers the Foxhound operators (7 days) and the Foxhound commanders (2.5 days) courses. Both of these have a maximum capacity of 12 students per course with both courses running concurrently for two days. PMC Section also delivers continuation training for Foxhound. Since 26 January 2015, the PMC Section also delivers all Crane Attachment Lorry Mounted (CALM) training.
5.3.3 Military Transport Management Division
Military Transport (MT) Management Division delivers trade and fleet management training across a wide spectrum of transport disciplines and to all ranks from across the MOD.
- 18 military staff
- 51 civilian staff
- 22 course types
- 175 courses per year (3 to 35 days)
- 2,200 students per year
Fleet management training is a key output and they train personnel to run a large transport fleet in accordance with MOD and EU/UK legislation, including drivers’ hours and the movement of dangerous goods.
But it is not just classroom-based activities; they qualify personnel to operator and instructor standard on a variety of equipments such as the lorry mounted crane and vehicle fitted winch, as well as a variety of engineer plant equipment. They also upgrade Military Driver Trade personnel to Class 1 level to enable them to maintain the new breed of complex military vehicles and specialist equipment.
The Defence Driving Instructor & Examiner Training’ (DDI-ET) Section, formed from the merger of the Defence Driving Examiner (DDE) Training Section and the Defence Licence Acquisition
Instructor (DLAI) Sections in 2013, is headed by the Chief Defence Driving Examiner (CDDE). The section is responsible for training Defence personnel to be competent, qualified DDEs and Defence Driving Instructors (DDIs). Both courses run for three weeks with a total of 15 DDE courses per training year and also 15 DDI courses, with an average pass rate of 96%. In addition, a number of instructors are qualified as Senior Defence Driving Examiners (SDDE) having passed
the 2-week training course organised and run by the Driving Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA) at Cardington in Bedfordshire. The SDDEs are also Senior Defence Driving Instructors (SDDI) meaning they can also instruct on the DDI course.
The section also conduct recertification of both DDE and DDI personnel, with recertification being every 2 and 4 years for DDE and DDI personnel repsectively.
5.3.4 Communications Information Systems Division
The Communications Information Systems (CIS) Division delivers quality communications training and advice to regular Combat Service Support (CSS) Arms. The radio operator’s job is to ensure that the commander, officers and soldiers are provided with a reliable range of sophisticated tactical and mobile communications within the digital Battlespace.
Training is delivered for 50-weeks of the year by three teams using a variety of modern simulators, combat systems and computer based media. Training is delivered to all ranks beginning with Privates and Lance Corporals attending a Basic Signaller’s course, which is the entry level into the Communications Specialist Trade. This trains selected soldiers to be competent radio operators. The other end of the scale is providing CIS management courses for officers in preparation for employment as regimental signals officers responsible for all elements of CIS within a Regiment including the skills and knowledge to ensure system integration with other Formation assets. All CIS courses attract civilian qualifications for students.
6.0 DEMS Training Regiment
The Defence Explosive Ordnance Disposal, Munitions and Search (DEMS) Training Regiment mission is to deliver the required number of appropriately trained personnel in munitions, EOD and search in order to meet the requirements of defence.
Over the course of a year 4000 students will pass through the facility taking part in one of the 73 courses offered. DEMS, located at Bicester, is commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel and comprises four training squadrons, with each squadron tasked with providing training to all levels across all three Services. The DEMS training squadrons and their roles are:
- Search Training Squadron: trains all levels of search from the high assurance search conducted all over the world to the basic patrol level for infantry deploying to theatre. Students are taught to confidently use the most up-to-date equipment and procedures. The training is delivered by professionally qualified instructors with a wide range of experience in a variety of theatres.
- Conventional Munitions Disposal (CMD) Training Squadron: delivers a wide range of single and tri-service courses. Courses range from initial CMD training up to Defence CMD Operators. Specialist courses are run on specific equipment and CMD in the maritime environment. All courses draw on expertise and operational experience from the tri-service team.
- Improvised Explosive Device Disposal (IEDD) Training Squadron: teaches their students all aspects of IED disposal and neutralisation techniques both for operations overseas and on mainland UK. Students are taught techniques developed from many years of operational experience and underpinned by a unifying philosophy and generic principles. Our expertise is unparalleled with instructors and a bespoke facility delivering world class training.
- Munitions Training Squadron: teaches all aspects of ammunition from safe storage methods for peace time and during conflict, rules and regulations on issue and transportation to design of systems and surveillance of performance. It will also educate students in the design and manufacture of all NATO standard munitions form the smallest of bullets to the largest of guided munitions. The instruction and education provided by munitions wing ensures that we deliver students capable in all aspects of munitions storage, maintenance and movement.
6.1 DEMS Tri-Service Element
DEMS is a Tri-service regiment working with support from RAF and RN instructors. The Royal Navy Training Area (NTA) as part of the Conventional Munitions Disposal Squadron is responsible for the delivery of all Royal Navy Advanced, Intermediate and Elementary Underwater EOD courses. In addition to these courses the Naval Training Area delivers an International Underwater EOD course to both foreign and NATO partners. When not delivering these courses, the NTA is utilised with the support of the RN Instructors by outside commands in maintaining high standards of proficiency in dealing with Underwater EOD missions.
7.0 Defence School of Marine Engineering
The Defence School of Marine Engineering (DSMarE) is one of four schools within the Defence College of Technical Training (DCTT), part of the RAFs No 22 (Training) Group.
DSMarE delivers all professional marine engineering training across Defence. Whilst the majority of the students are from the Royal Navy they also come from the Royal Fleet Auxiliary, the Royal Logistic Corps, the Corps of Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers and a spectrum of international navies.
The school trains approximately 6,500 students per year across 350 different course types. These courses range from Systems Engineering and Management Courses for British and foreign Marine Engineer Officers; through Engineering Technician courses to particular engineering disciplines. The latter includes providing theoretical and practical training in the operation and maintenance of: electrical systems including electrical power generation; distribution and electrical propulsion equipment; gas turbines; diesel engines; outboard motors; refrigeration and chilled water-plants; hydraulic systems, ship structures; stability; environmental compliance; lifting and slinging and Health & Safety issues.
Whenever suitable training is conducted using a blend of training methods, this includes the use of interactive e-courseware, simulation and hands-on ‘live’ practice.
8.0 Cost of Training
In 2012, it was estimated that the cost per soldier recruit for Phase 2 training for the Royal Logistics Corps was £3,820 to £33,340 (HC, 2012).
British Army (2013) Army Life: Your Guide To The Royal Logistics Corps. Available from World Wide Web: http://www.army.mod.uk/documents/general/Your_Guide_to_the_Royal_Logistic_Corps.pdf. [Accessed: 18 March, 2014].
HC (House of Common Debates) Daily Hansard – Written Answer, 12 June 2012, Column 449W. Available from World Wide Web: http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201213/cmhansrd/cm120612/text/120612w0002.htm#120612w0002.htm_spnew58. [Accessed: 12 March, 2014].
Institute of Hospitality (2014) Institute of Hospitality Endorsement Register 2014. Available from World Wide Web: https://www.instituteofhospitality.org/accreditation/Endorse/Endorsement_Register_2014. [Accessed: 18 March, 2014].
Murphy, X. (2013) The Defence School of Transport Information Pack. Leconsfield: Defence School of Transport.