This article on the UK’s Service Cadet Organisations is divided into Five Parts:

PART FIVE: MISCELLANEOUS

5.0     Summary

This article has provided the reader with a broad outline of the UK’s Service Cadet Organisations. It outlines what they are, the four organisations, and the training that young people may undertake during their time with the cadets, which includes a wide range of military activities, adventurous training, and community work. It also highlights the role of the 13 RFCA’s and how they support the cadets. The article outlines the role of CFAV’s and the benefits of becoming one, as well as outline some groups that have an impact on the cadets.

5.1     Useful Publications

  • Official Publications:
    • The Army Cadet Leadership Code. First Edition. 2017 (Published by the General Officer Commanding Regional Command).
    • AC 71966: Cadet Training Fieldcraft and Tactics. Fieldcraft, Tactics, Exercises and the Cadet Force Tactical Aide Memoire (CF TAM) (2013 Edition).
    • AC 71849: Army Cadets, Adventurous Training & Other Challenge Pursuits Manual, Amendment 1 (July 2010 Edition).
    • Army’s Cadet Forces, The – An Overview (23 February 2012) by Colonel Cadets HQ Support Command.
    • Urquhart, M. (2012) The Army’s Cadet Forces: An Overview. Available from World Wide Web: http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20121018224300/http://www.mod.uk/NR/rdonlyres/35B73985-BF8C-4BFE-B051-4E18196CA2C1/0/20120201_LFHeadsBriefing2012V2.pdf. [Accessed: 04 September, 2018].
  • Legislation:
    • Reserve Forces Act 1996 (RFA 96).
    • RFCA Regulations 2009 (2014).
    • Army Cadet Force (ACF) Regulations. AC 14233 v1.12. February 2017.
  • Cadet Magazines:
    • Various Publications (RFCA GL): https://glrfca.org/publications/index.
    • Army Cadet Volunteer: https://issuu.com/armycadets.
    • The Volunteer (NW RFCA): http://www.nwrfca.org.uk/news-events/volunteer-magazine/.
    • GL RFCA (Greater London Reserve Forces’ and Cadets’ Association) (2010) Celebrating 150 years of the Cadets: 1860-2010. Available from World Wide Web: https://glrfca.org/uploads/editor_images/1440682006_c150.pdf. [Accessed: 04 July, 2018].
  • Research:
    • Cabinet Office and Department for Education (2010) Policy Paper: Positive for Youth: A New Approach to Cross-Government Policy for Young People aged 13 to 19. Available from World Wide Web: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/positive-for-youth-a-new-approach-to-cross-government-policy-for-young-people-aged-13-to-19. [Accessed: 02 july, 2018].
    • Wood, H. (2014) Combined Cadet Forces in State Funded Schools: Staff Perspectives. Research Report. Available from World Wide Web: http://dera.ioe.ac.uk/20310/1/DFE-RR342.pdf. [Accessed: 26 June, 2018].
    • Anderson-Butcher, D., Cash, S.J., Saltzburg, S., Midle, T. & Pace D. (2004) Institutions of Youth Development: The Significance of Supportive Staff-Youth Relationships. Journal of Human Behaviour in the Social Environment. 9(1-2), pp.83-99.
    • Feinstein, L., Bynner, J., & Duckworth, K. (2006) Young People’s Leisure Contexts and their Relation to Adult Outcomes. Journal of Youth Studies. 9(3), pp.305-327.
    • Glover, A. & Sparks, J. (2009) The Impact of Combined Cadet Force Contingents in State Secondary Schools in Wales. Newport: University of Wales.
    • Moon, G., Twigg, L. & Horwood, J. (2010) The Societal Impact of Cadet Forces. Available from World Wide Web: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/28107/FinalreportNovember08th.PDF. [Accessed: 26 June, 2018].
    • Bertram, C., Meierkord, A. & Day, L. (2018) The Cadet Experience: Understanding Cadet Outcomes. Research Report for the Department of Education. Available from World Wide Web: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/689698/The_cadet_experience-understanding_cadet_outcomes.pdf. [Accessed: 04 September, 2018].
    • Plastow, J. (2011) Youth Engagement Review: Final Report. Available from World Wide Web: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/28390/20120705_yer_final.pdf. [Accessed: 04 September, 2018].
    • MOD (Ministry of Defence) (2014) Review of the Reserve Forces’ and Cadets’ Associations. Available from World Wide Web: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/433767/20141217-Final_RFCA_Review_Report_17Dec14_RP.pdf. [Accessed: 06 September, 2018].
    • Francis, M. (2017) “Filling the Ranks”. Available from World Wide Web: https://www.markfrancois.com/filling-ranks. [Accessed: 26 June, 2018].
    • Duerden, M.D. & Gillard, A. (2008) Promoting Supportive Relationships in Youth Programs: A Self-Determination Theory Perspective. Journal of Youth Development. 3(3).
  • Miscellaneous:

5.2     Useful Links

  • MOD Sponsored Youth Organisations:
    • Army Cadet Force (ACF): https://armycadets.com.
    • Air Training Corps (ATC): https://www.raf.mod.uk/aircadets/.
    • Sea Cadet Corps (SCC): https://www.sea-cadets.org/.
      • Sea Cadet Shop: http://www.seacadetshop.org/default.aspx.
      • Sea Cadet Training & Admin Website: https://www.sccheadquarters.com/.
    • Combined Cadet Force: https://combinedcadetforce.org.uk.
    • Cadet Training Centre (CTC): http://www.ctcfrimleypark.com/.
    • Cadet Signals (Signalling & CIS): https://www.cadetsignals.org.uk/.
    • Army Cadet Force Association (ACFA).
    • Cadet Centre for Adventure Training (CCAT): http://www.armycadetadventure.co.uk/.
  • Reserve Forces and Cadets Associations (RFCA):
    • East Midlands RFCA: http://eastmidlandsrfca.co.uk/.
    • East Anglia RFCA: http://www.earfca.org.uk/.
    • Greater London RFCA: https://glrfca.org/.
    • Highland RFCA: http://www.hrfca.co.uk/.
    • Lowland RFCA: http://www.lowlandrfca.org.uk/.
    • North of England RFCA: http://www.rfca-ne.org.uk/.
    • North West of England & the Isle of Man RFCA: http://www.nwrfca.org.uk/.
    • Northern Ireland RFCA: http://www.reservesandcadetsni.org.uk/.
    • South East RFCA: http://www.serfca.org/.
    • Wales RFCA: http://www.wales-rfca.org/.
    • Wessex RFCA: https://www.wessex-rfca.org.uk/.
    • West Midland RFCA: https://www.wmrfca.org/.
    • Yorkshire and the Humber RFCA: https://www.rfca-yorkshire.org.uk/.
    • RFCA Commercial Portal: http://www.rfca-business.org/dnn/.
    • Council of RFCA: http://www.rfcacouncil.org/ (Defunct).
  • Civilian Youth Organisations:
    • Cadet Apprenticeships: https://cadetapprenticeships.co.uk/.
    • Marine Society & Sea Cadets (MSSC): https://www.ms-sc.org/.
      • Sea Training Corps (STC): http://www.seacadet.org/.
    • Cadet Vocational Qualifications Organisation (CVQO): https://www.cvqo.org.
    • Council for Wales of Voluntary Youth Services (CWVYS): http://www.cwvys.org.uk/member/reserve-forces-cadets-association-wales/.
    • YOU London: http://youlondon.org.uk.
  • Miscellaneous:
    • International Sea Cadet Association (ISSA): http://www.iscaworld.com/.
    • SaBRE:
    • The Confederation of Service Charities (COBSEO): https://www.cobseo.org.uk/.
    • Duke of Edinburgh Award (DofE): http://www.dofe.org/.
    • Very good site with a range of ACF APC Resources: http://www.mkbartlett.co.uk/.
    • St John Ambulance Cadet First Aid Levels 1 & 2: http://www.sja.org.uk/sja/teaching-resources/a-z-of-teaching-courses/cadet-level-1-and-2.aspx.

5.3     References

ACF (Army Cadet Force) (2018a) Quick Guide to Cadet Badges and Ranks. Available from World Wide Web: https://armycadets.com/news-and-events/features/quick-guide-to-cadet-badges-and-ranks/. [Accessed: 04 September, 2018].

ACF (Army Cadet Force) (2018b) Cadet Ranks. Available from World Wide Web: https://armycadets.com/join-cadets/activities/apc/ranks/. [Accessed: 04 September, 2018].

ACF (Army Cadet Force) (2018c) Army Proficiency Certificate. Available from World Wide Web: https://armycadets.com/join-cadets/activities/apc/. [Accessed: 04 September, 2018].

ACF (Army Cadet Force) (2018d) Master Cadet Course. Available from World Wide Web: https://armycadets.com/about-us/cadet-training-centre/cadet-courses/master-cadet-course/. [Accessed: 04 September, 2018].

ACF (Army Cadet Force) (2018e) Champion Cadet Competition. Available from World Wide Web: https://armycadets.com/about-us/cadet-training-centre/cadet-courses/champion-cadet-competition/. [Accessed: 04 September, 2018].

Anderson, V. (2018) Senior Cadets Pass Out As Instructors. The Volunteer: Magazine of the NW RFCA. Issue 113, Summer 2018.

Anderson-Butcher, D., Cash, S.J., Saltzburg, S., Midle, T. & Pace D. (2004) Institutions of Youth Development: The Significance of Supportive Staff-Youth Relationships. Journal of Human Behaviour in the Social Environment. 9(1-2), pp.83-99.

Army Cadet Volunteer (2018) Opening Up. Army Cadet Volunteer: Magazine of the Army Cadet Force. Winter 2017/18.

BERR (Department for Business, Enterprise & Regulatory Reform) (2007) Employment Bill: Impact Assessment – Cadet Force Adult Volunteers. Available from World Wide Web: https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukia/2007/34/pdfs/ukia_20070034_en.pdf. [Accessed: 26 June, 2018].

Brown, G. (2018) Cadets Set for the Future with Unveiling of New £600k Arbroath Base. Available from World Wide Web: https://www.thecourier.co.uk/fp/news/local/angus-mearns/633376/cadets-set-for-the-future-with-unveiling-of-new-600k-arbroath-base/. [Accessed: 26 June, 2018].

Burns-McCombe, G. (2018) Notebook to Redbook! The Journey from Cadet RSM to Adult Instructor. The Volunteer: Magazine of the NW RFCA. Issue 113, Summer 2018.

Cabinet Office Propriety & Ethics Team direction DTG 041322 October 2007.

City of London Policy & Resources Committee. (2013) Funding of the City of London Reserve Forces’ and Cadets’ Association. Available from World Wide Web: http://democracy.cityoflondon.gov.uk/documents/s18807/130226%20COL%20reserve%20force%20and%20cadets%20association%20report.pdf. [Accessed: 27 June, 2018].

Clayton, A. (2018) New Look Champion Cadet Competition 2018. Army Cadet Volunteer: Magazine of the Army Cadet Force. Winter 2017/18.

CRFCA (Council of Reserve Forces’ and Cadets’ Associations) (2017) Annual Report and Accounts 2016/17.

CTC (Cadet Training Centre) Frimley Park (2018) CTC Frimley Park Course Start Standards and Pre-requisites. https://www.ctcfrimleypark.com/ctc-frimley-park-course-start-standards-and-pre-requisites/. [Accessed: 04 September, 2018].

East Midlands RFCA (2018) Become an Adult Volunteer. Available from World Wide Web: http://eastmidlandsrfca.co.uk/cadets/become-an-adult-instructor/. [Accessed: 26 June, 2018].

Feinstein, L., Bynner, J., & Duckworth, K. (2006) Young People’s Leisure Contexts and their Relation to Adult Outcomes. Journal of Youth Studies. 9(3), pp.305-327.

ForcesWatch. (2015) The Recruitment Agenda Behind the UK Armed Forces’ ‘Engagement’ with Students in School and Colleges. Available from World Wide Web: https://www.forceswatch.net/sites/default/files/ForcesWatch_recruitment_in_schools_evidence_briefing_May2015.pdf. [Accessed: 26 June, 2018].

Francis, M. (2017) “Filling the Ranks”. Available from World Wide Web: https://www.markfrancois.com/filling-ranks. [Accessed: 26 June, 2018].

Futures (2016) Futures’ Chairman Awarded OBE. Available from World Wide Web: https://www.futuresadvice.co.uk/news/2016/01/11/futures-chairman-awarded-obe/. [Accessed: 27 June, 2018].

Glover, A. & Sparks, J. (2009) The Impact of Combined Cadet Force Contingents in State Secondary Schools in Wales. Newport: University of Wales.

Independent School Parent (2018) CCF – The Combined Cadet Force at School. Available from World Wide Web: http://www.independentschoolparent.com/school/senior/ccf-the-combined-cadet-force-at-school/. [Accessed: 26 June, 2018].

Lafayeedney, D. (2013) The Military’s Role in Building a Healthy Society. Available from World Wide Web: https://www.statecraft.org.uk/research/military%E2%80%99s-role-building-healthy-society. [Accessed: 26 June, 2018].

Lepper, J. (2017) Cadet Unit’s Help Improve Behaviour of Excluded Children. Available from World Wide Web: https://www.cypnow.co.uk/cyp/news/2004320/cadet-units-help-improve-behaviour-of-excluded-children. [Accessed: 26 June, 2018].

MOD (Ministry of Defence) (2014) Review of the Reserve Forces’ and Cadets’ Associations. Available from World Wide Web: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/433767/20141217-Final_RFCA_Review_Report_17Dec14_RP.pdf. [Accessed: 27 June, 2018].

MOD (Ministry of Defence) (2016) The Cadet Forces and MOD Youth Work. Available from World Wide Web: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/the-cadet-forces-and-mods-youth-work. [Accessed: 02 July, 2018].

MOD (Ministry of Defence) (2017a) MOD Sponsored Cadet Forces Statistics. 01 April 2017. Available from World Wide Web: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/632357/MOD_sponsored_cadet_forces_statistics_2017.pdf. [Accessed: 04 July, 2018].

MOD (Ministry of Defence) (2017b) New state schools which have been approved to have cadet units. Available from World Wide Web: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/649276/20170929-State_schools_approved_for_CEP.pdf. [Accessed: 02 July, 2018].

Moon, G., Twigg, L. & Horwood, J. (2010) The Societal Impact of Cadet Forces. Available from World Wide Web: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/28107/FinalreportNovember08th.PDF. [Accessed: 26 June, 2018].

North Yorkshire Lieutenancy (2018) The Armed Forces and the Reserve Forces & Cadets Association (RFCA). Available from World Wide Web: https://www.nyll.org.uk/roles/rfca-cadets/. [Accessed: 27 June, 2018].

RFCA (Reserve Forces’ and Cadets’ Associations) (2018) About Us. Available from World Wide Web: https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/reserve-forces-and-cadets-associations/about. [Accessed: 26 June, 2018].

RFCA NE (RFCA for North of England) (2018) Cadet Forces Expansion Programme. Available from World Wide Web: http://www.rfca-ne.org.uk/cadets–youth/cadet-expansion-programme/. [Accessed: 26 June, 2018].

Sea Cadets. (2018) Royal Marines Cadets. Available from World Wide Web: https://www.sea-cadets.org/royal-marines-cadets. [Accessed: 04 July, 2018].

Turnor, A. (2017) Air Cadet Going Solo. Cadet London Bridge: 2017 Review.

Urquhart, M. (2012) The Army’s Cadet Forces: An Overview. Available from World Wide Web: http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20121018224300/http://www.mod.uk/NR/rdonlyres/35B73985-BF8C-4BFE-B051-4E18196CA2C1/0/20120201_LFHeadsBriefing2012V2.pdf. [Accessed: 04 September, 2018].

Wood, H. (2014) Combined Cadet Forces in State Funded Schools: Staff Perspectives. Research Report. Available from World Wide Web: http://dera.ioe.ac.uk/20310/1/DFE-RR342.pdf. [Accessed: 26 June, 2018].

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