What are the Effects of an Intensive Lifestyle Intervention on Cardiovascular Disease?

Research Paper Title History of Cardiovascular Disease, Intensive Lifestyle Intervention, and Cardiovascular Outcomes in the Look AHEAD Trial. Background To examine the effects of an intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) on cardiovascular disease (CVD), the Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) trial randomised 5,145 participants with type 2 diabetes and overweight/obesity to a ILI or… Read More

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Are Diet & Exercise Effective in Prevention?

Programmes that promote dietary change and physical activity are effective in reducing the likelihood that people at risk of developing type 2 diabetes will do so, say new recommendations from the US Community Preventive Services Task Force (Pronk & Remington, 2015). The task force arrived at its recommendations after a systematic review of 53 studies… Read More

What’s Wrong with Non-regulated Interventions & Trials?

The following article (written by Rafeal Dal-Re, Michael Bracken & John Ioannidis in the BMJ) is a timely reminder to authors, journalists and consumers about the pros and cons of non-regulated interventions and trials. Efforts to promote the availability of data from clinical trials have been led predominantly by regulators (EMA, 2014) or drug companies… Read More

Primary Care & Weight Reduction Interventions: A Happy Marriage?

Research Paper Title Access to Weight Reduction Interventions for Overweight and Obese Patients in UK Primary Care: Population-based Cohort Study. Objectives To investigate access to weight management interventions for overweight and obese patients in primary care. Setting UK primary care electronic health records. Participants A cohort of 91,413 overweight and obese patients aged 30-100 years was sampled from the Clinical… Read More

Do Pedometers Increase Physical Activity in Older People?

A sustained increase in physical activity of older people can be achieved by consultations with a practice nurse and the use of a pedometer, research has shown. The randomised controlled trial included 298 people aged 60-75 from three UK general practices who received standard care or an intervention to increase their physical activity levels. Patients… Read More