What are the Effects of Deployment on Diet Quality & Nutritional Status of US Army SOF Soldiers?

Research Paper Title Effects of deployment on diet quality and nutritional status markers of elite U.S. Army special operations forces soldiers. Background Special Operations Forces (SOF) Soldiers deploy frequently and require high levels of physical and cognitive performance. Nutritional status is linked to cognitive and physical performance. Studies evaluating dietary intake and nutritional status in… Read More

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The Krebs Cycle: Metabolic Reactions & Early Life

“A primeval version of the metabolic processes that all life uses to survive could have arisen spontaneously on Earth in the absence of enzymes, according to a new study. This suggests that key parts of metabolism are older than life itself and could have emerged easily on early Earth. Metabolism describes the complex network of chemical reactions that enable organisms… Read More

What is the Value of an Additional Exercise Training Programme in the Management of Obesity in Adolescents, including Prevention of Weight Gain?

Research Paper Title Effects of a 12-week exercise training programme on aerobic fitness, body composition, blood lipids and C-reactive protein in adolescents with obesity. Introduction Developing effective exercise programmes for the paediatric population is a strategy for decreasing obesity and is expected to help in eventually limiting obesity-associated long-term health and societal impact. In this… Read More

Lipid Profile, Cardiovascular Disease & Mortality Events

Research Paper Title Divergent Pathway of Lipid Profile Components for Cardiovascular Disease and Mortality Events: Results of over a Decade Follow-up among Iranian Population. Background Data regarding the impact of different lipid measures on cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and mortality events is not consistent. The researchers aimed to evaluate the relationship between different lipid parameters and… Read More

Two Hours, Standing & Heart Health

Standing rather than sitting for two hours a day may have a positive effect on biochemical risk markers, including fasting blood glucose and lipid profile, a cross sectional study has shown (Healy et al., 2015). The participants were 698 Australian adults who wore activity monitors that judged posture and movement, for as long as seven… Read More

At What Point is the Label ‘Type 2 Diabetes’ Valid?

Individual’s diagnosed as having diabetes either: Have symptoms that need treating; or They have a risk state that might need treating. However, an individual’s overall risk does not begin with any particular level of fasting blood sugar or glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), or an abnormal glucose tolerance test. A new pooled analysis of 96 population based studies… Read More

Are Diet & Exercise Effective in Prevention?

Programmes that promote dietary change and physical activity are effective in reducing the likelihood that people at risk of developing type 2 diabetes will do so, say new recommendations from the US Community Preventive Services Task Force (Pronk & Remington, 2015). The task force arrived at its recommendations after a systematic review of 53 studies… Read More