Is Diabetes Mellitus a Risk Factor for Osteoarthritis?

Reports of a positive association between diabetes and osteoarthritis are hard to interpret because being overweight or obese strongly increases the risk of both conditions. A systematic review that identified 31 studies with a total of nearly 300,000 participants suggests that if body mass index (BMI) is taken into account, there is little evidence that… Read More

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Does Submarine Deployment Impair Fat-Free Mass Maintenance & Promote Adiposity?

Research Paper Title Energy Expenditure and Changes in Body Composition during Submarine Deployment-An Observational Study “DasBoost 2-2017”. Background This study was designed to objectively assess the effects of 3-months submarine deployment on behavioural and metabolic determinants of metabolic health. Methods In 13 healthy, non-obese volunteers, the researchers used stable isotope dilution, and plasma and urinary… Read More

Is Pre-pregnancy Overweight or Obesity Associated with an Increased Fast Plasma Glucose Value before the 24th Gestational Week?

Research Paper Title Value of fasting plasma glucose to screen gestational diabetes mellitus before the 24th gestational week in women with different pre-pregnancy body mass index. Background Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is usually diagnosed between 24th and 28th gestational week using the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). It is difficult to predict GDM before… Read More

Are Body Mass Index and Abdominal Circumference useful Indicators of Fitness Test Outcome in the British Army?

Research Paper Title The association between obesity related health risk and fitness test results in the British Army personnel. Background In the British Army, fitness is assessed by a load carriage test (Annual Fitness Test, AFT) and by a three event Personal Fitness Assessment (PFA). Body composition based on body mass index (BMI) and abdominal… Read More

Is there a Growing Social Divide in Body Mass Index, Strength, & Fitness of Swedish Male Conscripts?

The aim of the study was to monitor trends in socioeconomic inequalities in body mass index (BMI), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and muscular strength over several decades in a population of Swedish males aged 18-19 years. Read More

What are the Associations between Anthropometric Indices, Blood Pressure & Physical Fitness Performance in Young Swiss Men?

Research Paper Title Associations between anthropometric indices, blood pressure and physical fitness performance in young Swiss men: a cross-sectional study. Background To assess the benefit of waist circumference (WC) measurements during routine conscription medical examination in two military conscription centres in Switzerland. We compared the prevalence of overweight and obesity assessed by body mass index… Read More

Your Weight Doesn’t Determine Good Health

You cannot predict someone’s health just by looking at them. Many thin people are not as healthy or as strong as someone heavier. As measured by body mass index (BMI), some people are overweight, despite being extremely active and otherwise healthy. For example, I am 5′ 7”, just under 13 stone, and have a BMI… Read More