What is a War Resister?

Introduction A war resister is a person who resists war. The term can mean several things: resisting participation in all war, or a specific war, either before or after enlisting in, being inducted into, or being conscripted into a military force. Brief History Early usage of the term “war resister” is found in the name… Read More

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What is Conscription (in China)?

Introduction A conscription system is employed in China. In practice, mandatory military service has not been implemented since 1949 as the People’s Liberation Army has been able to recruit sufficient numbers voluntarily. Residents of the Special administrative regions, Hong Kong and Macau, are exempted from joining the military. Registering for the Draft The Chinese system… Read More

What is the Selective Service System?

Introduction The Selective Service System (SSS) is an independent agency of the United States government that maintains information on those potentially subject to military conscription (i.e. the draft) and carries out contingency planning and preparations for two types of draft: A general draft based on registration lists of men aged 18-25; and A special-skills draft… Read More

What is Zivildienst?

Introduction Zivildienst is the German denomination for the alternative civilian service for conscripted persons who are conscientious objectors to fulfil their national service, typically in the fields of social work (e.g. hospitals, retirement homes, emergency medical services) and, although rarely, environmental protection, agriculture, and public administration. As such, it is exempt from the general ban… Read More

What is Economic Conscription?

Introduction First used around 1915, economic conscription is the mechanism for recruitment of personnel for the armed forces through the use of economic conditions, particularly when geographical areas within a country are neglected in terms of their economic development, leading to a situation where a high proportion of young people consider a career within the… Read More

What is the Impact of Adolescent Complex Regional Pain Syndrome on the Psychopathology of Young Men Ahead of Military Service?

Research Paper Title Impact of adolescent complex regional pain syndrome on the psychopathology of young men ahead of military service: a retrospective cohort analysis of Korean conscription data. Background The relationship between physical and psychopathological features in complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) has been a subject of constant interest, but no data are available in… Read More

Identifying Training Load & Energy Expenditure during Military Basic Training

Research Paper Title Training Load and Energy Expenditure during Military Basic Training Period. Background To compare training load and energy expenditure during an 8-wk military basic training (BT) period among individuals having different fitness level using objective measurements in an authentic environment. Methods Thirty-four voluntary male conscripts (age, 19.1 ± 0.3 yr) were divided into… Read More