What was the Enrolment Act of 1863?

Introduction The Enrollment Act of 1863 (12 Stat. 731, enacted 03 March 1863) also known as the Civil War Military Draft Act, was an Act passed by the United States Congress during the American Civil War to provide fresh manpower for the Union Army. An Act for enrolling and calling out the national Forces, and… Read More

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What was the Militia Act of 1862?

Introduction The Militia Act of 1862 (12 Stat. 597, enacted 17 July 1862) was an Act of the 37th United States Congress, during the American Civil War, that authorised a militia draft within a state when the state could not meet its quota with volunteers. An Act to amend the Act calling forth the Militia… Read More

What were the Militia Acts of 1792?

Introduction There were two Militia Acts enacted by the second United States Congress in 1792 that provided for the organisation of militias and empowered the President of the United States to take command of the state militias in times of imminent invasion or insurrection. The President’s authority had a life of two years, and was… Read More

What was the Selective Service Act of 1917?

Introduction The Selective Service Act of 1917 or Selective Draft Act (Pub.L. 65–12, 40 Stat. 76, enacted 18 May 1917) authorised the United States federal government to raise a national army for service in World War I through conscription. It was envisioned in December 1916 and brought to President Woodrow Wilson’s attention shortly after the… Read More

What is a War Resister?

Introduction A war resister is a person who resists war. The term can mean several things: resisting participation in all war, or a specific war, either before or after enlisting in, being inducted into, or being conscripted into a military force. Brief History Early usage of the term “war resister” is found in the name… Read More

What is Conscription (in China)?

Introduction A conscription system is employed in China. In practice, mandatory military service has not been implemented since 1949 as the People’s Liberation Army has been able to recruit sufficient numbers voluntarily. Residents of the Special administrative regions, Hong Kong and Macau, are exempted from joining the military. Registering for the Draft The Chinese system… Read More

What is the Selective Service System?

Introduction The Selective Service System (SSS) is an independent agency of the United States government that maintains information on those potentially subject to military conscription (i.e. the draft) and carries out contingency planning and preparations for two types of draft: A general draft based on registration lists of men aged 18-25; and A special-skills draft… Read More