What is the Adjusted Service Rating Score?

Introduction The Adjusted Service Rating Score was the system that the United States Army used at the end of World War II in Europe to determine which soldiers were eligible to be repatriated to the United States for discharge from military service as part of Operation Magic Carpet. Refer to Selective Service System. Brief History… Read More

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What is War?

Introduction War is an intense armed conflict [see note below] between states, governments, societies, or paramilitary groups such as mercenaries, insurgents, and militias. It is generally characterised by extreme violence, aggression, destruction, and mortality, using regular or irregular military forces. Warfare refers to the common activities and characteristics of types of war, or of wars… Read More

What was the Chinese Communist Revolution?

Introduction The Chinese Communist Revolution, known in the mainland China as the War of Liberation (simplified Chinese: 解放战争; traditional Chinese: 解放戰爭; pinyin: Jiěfàng Zhànzhēng), was the conflict, led by the Communist Party of China and Chairman Mao Zedong, that resulted in the proclamation of the People’s Republic of China, on 01 October 1949. The revolution… Read More

What was the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945)?

The Second Sino-Japanese War (07 July 1937 to 02 September 1945) was a military conflict that was primarily waged between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan. In China, the war is known as the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression (simplified Chinese: 中国抗日战争; traditional Chinese: 中國抗日戰爭; pinyin: Zhōngguó Kàngrì Zhànzhēng), or as… Read More

What is a War of Aggression?

Introduction A war of aggression, sometimes also war of conquest, is a military conflict waged without the justification of self-defence, usually for territorial gain and subjugation. Wars without international legality (i.e. not out of self-defence nor sanctioned by the United Nations (UN) Security Council) can be considered wars of aggression; however, this alone usually does… Read More

What is a Counterattack?

Introduction A counterattack is a tactic employed in response to an attack, with the term originating in “war games“. The general objective is to negate or thwart the advantage gained by the enemy during attack, while the specific objectives typically seek to regain lost ground or destroy the attacking enemy (this may take the form… Read More

Foundation…

“The foundation of leadership is character.” General Alexander M. Patch (1889 to 1945) Alexander McCarrell Patch was a senior US Army officer who fought in both WWI and WWII, rising to rank of general. During World War II he commanded US Army and US Marine Corps forces during the Guadalcanal Campaign, and the US Seventh… Read More