Summary of Service: HMS Edinburgh (1939-42)

HMS EDINBURGH was a cruiser of 10,000 tons, armed with twelve 6 inch guns, and a designed speed of 32½ knots. She was built under the 1936 programme by Swan Hunter and Wigham Richardson, Newcastle-on-Tyne, with machinery by the Wallsend Slipway Company, and was laid down on 30 December 1936; launched on 31 March 1938;… Read More


Summary of Service: HMS Birmingham

HMS BIRMINGHAM, a cruiser of 9,000 tons and twelve 6-in guns, was built at Devonport Dockyard with engines by John Brown and Co, Clydebank, being completed on 18th November 1937. At the outbreak of the Second World War she was serving in the 5th Cruiser Squadron, China Station, but in January 1940, she was recalled… Read More

Summary of Service: HMS Belfast

HMS BELFAST, the first ship of that name in the Royal Navy, was a cruiser of the improved Southampton type, with a displacement of 10,000 tons, and a maximum speed of 32½ knots. She was built at BELFAST by Messrs Harland and Wolff, and was laid down on 10 December 1936, launched by Mrs Neville… Read More

What was the Strength of the RAF from 1918 to 2018?

Attached is a pdf outlining the total number of personnel within the Royal Air Force (RAF) between 1918 and 2018. The total number of RAF personnel peeked in 1944 at just under 1.2 million. In 2018, the number of RAF personnel was roughly the same as in 1920. Reference FOI 2018/04338 dated 27 March 2018.

Democracy & Combat Deaths

“Fewer than one in 100,000 people have died in combat per year since 2000 – one-sixth the rate between 1950 and 2000, and one-fiftieth of that between 1900 and 1950.” (The Economist, 2018, p.89). Research by the Economist suggests there is a strong correlation between democracy and peace. A stark exception to this was the… Read More

The Shape of Battles to Comes…

“I am quite confident that in the foreseeable future armed conflict will not take the form of huge land armies facing each other across extended battle lines, as they did in World War I and World War II or, for that matter, as they would have if NATO had faced the Warsaw Pact on the… Read More

Displaying Leadership…

“Be an example to your men, in your duty and in private life. Never spare yourself, and let the troops see that you don’t in your endurance of fatigue and privation. Always be tactful and well-mannered and teach your subordinates to do the same. Avoid excessive sharpness or harshness of voice, which usually indicates the… Read More