Who was Junior J. Spurrier?

Introduction Junior James Spurrier, born James Ira Spurrier, Jr., was a United States Army soldier who received the United States’ two highest military decorations for valour – the Medal of Honour and Distinguished Service Cross – for his heroic actions in World War II. Early Life and Education Spurrier was born on 14 December 1922,… Read More

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What was the Attack on Pearl Harbour (1941)?

Introduction The attack on Pearl Harbour was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service upon the United States against the naval base at Pearl Harbour in Honolulu, Territory of Hawaii, just before 08:00, on Sunday 07 December 1941. The United States was a neutral country at the time; the attack led… Read More

Who was John Brunt?

Introduction Captain John Henry Cound Brunt, VC, MC (06 December 1922 to 10 December 1944) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. He served in the Italian campaign during the Second World War and… Read More

Who was Pappy Boyington?

Introduction Gregory “Pappy” Boyington (04 December 1912 to 11 January 1988) was an American combat pilot who was a United States Marine Corps fighter ace during World War II. He received the Medal of Honour and the Navy Cross. A Marine aviator with the Pacific fleet in 1941, Boyington joined the “Flying Tigers” (1st American… Read More

Who was George T. Sakato?

Introduction George Taro “Joe” Sakato (19 February 1921 to 02 December 2015) was an American combat soldier of World War II who received the Medal of Honour, the nation’s highest military award for valour. Biography Sakato was born in Colton, California. He was a Nisei, which means that he was a second generation born American… Read More

Who was Freeman V. Horner?

Introduction Freeman Victor Horner (07 June 1922 to 01 December 2005) was a United States Army officer and a recipient of the United States military’s highest decoration – the Medal of Honour – for his actions in World War II. Biography Horner joined the Army from Shamokin, Pennsylvania in January 1941, and by 16 November… Read More

Who was Vernon McGarity?

Introduction Vernon McGarity (01 December 1921 to 21 May 2013) was a United States Army soldier and a recipient of the United States military’s highest decoration, the Medal of Honour, for his actions during the Battle of the Bulge in World War II. Biography Born in Right, Tennessee (unincorporated Hardin County) on 01 December 1921,… Read More