Force of Arms & Not Force of Arms…

“The goal of this kind of warfare will encompass more than merely using means that involve the force of arms to control the enemy to accept one’s own will. Rather, the goal should be to use all means whatsoever-means that involve the force of arms and means that do not involve the force of arms,… Read More

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What was Project Popeye?

Ok, so the name Project Popeye is slightly misleading, as it is not about some sailor eating spinach and having super strength. During the Vietnam war in the 1960s, US forces attempted to use cloud seeding to make the Ho Chi Minh Trail impassable, in Vietnam, an effort known as Project Popeye (Hambling, 2018). It failed, but a… Read More

Airplanes & Value…

“Airplanes are interesting toys but of no military value.” Marshal Ferdinand Foch (1851 to 1929) Speaking in his role as Professor of Strategy at the French War College (Ecole Superieure de Guerre) in 1911. Ferdinand Jean Marie Foch was a Marshal of France and commander of Allied forces during the closing months of World War… Read More

Changing: History & Warfare

“Throughout the entire course of history, warfare is always changing.” André Beaufre (1902-1975) André Beaufre was a French Army officer and military strategist who attained the grade of Général d’Armée before his retirement in 1961.