What was the Revolt of the Admirals?

Introduction The “Revolt of the Admirals” was a policy and funding dispute within the United States government during the Cold War in 1949, involving a number of retired and active-duty United States Navy admirals. These included serving officers Admiral Louis E. Denfeld, Chief of Naval Operations, and Vice Admiral Gerald F. Bogan, as well as… Read More

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What was Operation Vengeance (1943)?

Introduction Operation Vengeance was the American military operation to kill Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto of the Imperial Japanese Navy on 18 April 1943, during the Solomon Islands campaign in the Pacific Theatre of World War II. Yamamoto, commander of the Combined Fleet of the Imperial Japanese Navy, was killed on Bougainville Island when his transport bomber… Read More

What was the Doolittle Raid (1942)?

Introduction The Doolittle Raid, also known as the Tokyo Raid, was an air raid on 18 April 1942 by the United States on the Japanese capital Tokyo and other places on Honshu during World War II. It was the first air operation to strike the Japanese archipelago. It demonstrated that the Japanese mainland was vulnerable… Read More

What was the Levant Crisis (1945)?

Introduction The Levant Crisis also known as the Damascus Crisis, the Syrian Crisis or the Levant Confrontation was a military situation that took place between British and French forces in Syria in May 1945 soon after the end of World War II in Europe. French troops had tried to quell nationalist protests in Syria at… Read More

What is Evacuation Day (Syria) (1946)?

Introduction Evacuation Day (Arabic: عيد الجلاء‎), is Syria’s national day commemorating the evacuation of the last French soldier and Syria’s proclamation of full independence and the end of the French mandate of Syria on 17 April 1946. Background After World War I, the Ottoman Empire was divided into several new nations, creating the modern Arab… Read More

What was the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939)?

Introduction The Spanish Civil War (Spanish: Guerra Civil Española) was a civil war in Spain fought from 1936 to 1939. Republicans loyal to the left-leaning Popular Front government of the Second Spanish Republic, in alliance with anarchists, of the communist and syndicalist variety, fought against a revolt by the Nationalists, an alliance of Falangists, monarchists,… Read More

What Was Fuhrer Directive N.30?

Introduction Führer Directive No. 30 (German: Weisung Nr. 30) was a directive issued by German dictator Adolf Hitler during World War II. It ordered German support for Iraq’s Arab nationalists, who were fighting the British. Background Refer to 1941 Iraqi coup d’état and Anglo-Iraqi War (1941). Führer Directive No.30 dealt with German intervention in support… Read More