What was the Office of Strategic Services?

Introduction The Office of Strategic Services (OSS) was a wartime intelligence agency of the United States during World War II, and a predecessor to the Department of State’s Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR) and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). The OSS was formed as an agency of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) to… Read More

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What is a Counterattack?

Introduction A counterattack is a tactic employed in response to an attack, with the term originating in “war games“. The general objective is to negate or thwart the advantage gained by the enemy during attack, while the specific objectives typically seek to regain lost ground or destroy the attacking enemy (this may take the form… Read More

Foundation…

“The foundation of leadership is character.” General Alexander M. Patch (1889 to 1945) Alexander McCarrell Patch was a senior US Army officer who fought in both WWI and WWII, rising to rank of general. During World War II he commanded US Army and US Marine Corps forces during the Guadalcanal Campaign, and the US Seventh… Read More

What is Radar?

Introduction Radar is a detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects. It can be used to detect aircraft, ships, spacecraft, guided missiles, motor vehicles, weather formations, and terrain. A radar system consists of a transmitter producing electromagnetic waves in the radio or microwaves domain, a transmitting antenna,… Read More

What is an Open City?

Introduction In war, an open city is a settlement which has announced it has abandoned all defensive efforts, generally in the event of the imminent capture of the city to avoid destruction. Once a city has declared itself an open city, the opposing military will be expected to peacefully occupy the city rather than destroy… Read More

What was Operation Frankton (1942)?

Introduction Operation Frankton was a commando raid on ships in the Nazi German occupied French port of Bordeaux in southwest France during the Second World War. The raid was carried out by a small unit of Royal Marines known as the Royal Marines Boom Patrol Detachment (RMBPD), part of Combined Operations inserted by HMS Tuna… Read More

What was Operation Sealion (1940)?

Introduction Operation Sea Lion, also written as Operation Sealion (German: Unternehmen Seelöwe), was Nazi Germany’s code name for the plan for an invasion of the United Kingdom during the Battle of Britain in the Second World War. Following the Fall of France, Adolf Hitler, the German Führer and Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces, hoped… Read More