What was the Emergency Powers (Defence) Act 1939 (UK)?

Introduction The Emergency Powers (Defence) Act 1939 was emergency legislation passed just prior to the outbreak of World War II by the Parliament of the United Kingdom to enable the British Government to take up emergency powers to prosecute the war effectively. It contained clauses giving the government wide powers to create Defence Regulations which… Read More


What was the Emergency Powers Act 1939 (Ireland)?

Introduction The Emergency Powers Act 1939 (EPA) was an Act of the Oireachtas (Irish parliament) enacted on 03 September 1939, after an official state of emergency had been declared on 02 September 1939 in response to the outbreak of the Second World War. The Act empowered the government to: make provisions for securing the public… Read More

Who was John William Finn?

Introduction John William Finn (24 July 1909 to 27 May 2010) was a sailor in the United States Navy who, as a chief petty officer, received the United States military’s highest decoration, the Medal of Honour, for his actions during the attack on Pearl Harbour in World War II. As a chief aviation ordnanceman stationed… Read More

Who was Edward Kenna?

Introduction Edward ‘Ted’ Kenna, VC (06 July 1919 to 08 July 2009) was an Australian soldier and recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest decoration for gallantry “in the face of the enemy” that can be awarded to members of the British and Commonwealth armed forces. Before his death, he was the last surviving Australian… Read More

Who was Parkash Singh?

Introduction Major Parkash Singh VC (31 March 1913 to 23 March 1991) was a Sikh Indian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. Biography Parkash Singh was born on 31 March 1913 in Sharikar… Read More

What is the Remembrance Day of the Latvian Legionnaires?

Introduction Remembrance Day of the Latvian Legionnaires (Latvian: Leģionāru piemiņas diena), often known simply as Legionnaire Day (Leģionāru diena) or 16 March (16. marts) in Latvia, is a day when soldiers of the Latvian Legion, part of the Waffen-SS, are commemorated. From 1998 until 2000, it was officially recognised as a “Remembrance Day for Latvian… Read More

What was War Plan Orange?

Introduction War Plan Orange (commonly known as Plan Orange or just Orange) is a series of United States Joint Army and Navy Board war plans for dealing with a possible war with Japan during the years between the First and Second World Wars (refer to US Colour-Coded War Plans). It failed to foresee the significance… Read More