What was the Enrolment Act of 1863?

Introduction The Enrollment Act of 1863 (12 Stat. 731, enacted 03 March 1863) also known as the Civil War Military Draft Act, was an Act passed by the United States Congress during the American Civil War to provide fresh manpower for the Union Army. An Act for enrolling and calling out the national Forces, and… Read More

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What was the Militia Act of 1862?

Introduction The Militia Act of 1862 (12 Stat. 597, enacted 17 July 1862) was an Act of the 37th United States Congress, during the American Civil War, that authorised a militia draft within a state when the state could not meet its quota with volunteers. An Act to amend the Act calling forth the Militia… Read More

What was the Military Peace Establishment Act (1802)?

Introduction The Military Peace Establishment Act documented and advanced a new set of laws and limits for the US military. It was approved by Congress and signed on 16 March 1802, by President Thomas Jefferson, who was fundamental in its drafting and proposal. The Act outlined in 29 sections the rules, the number of officers… Read More

What was the National Security Act of 1947?

Introduction The National Security Act of 1947 was a law enacting major restructuring of the United States government’s military and intelligence agencies following World War II. An Act to promote the national security by providing for a Secretary of Defense; for a National Military Establishment; for a Department of the Army, a Department of the… Read More

What is the Posse Comitatus Act?

Introduction The Posse Comitatus Act is a United States federal law (18 U.S.C. § 1385, original at 20 Stat. 152) signed on 18 June 1878, by President Rutherford B. Hayes which limits the powers of the federal government in the use of federal military personnel to enforce domestic policies within the United States. The Act… Read More

What was the Militia Act of 1808?

Introduction The Militia Act of 1808 (Pub.L. 10-52), formally “An act making provision for arming and equipping the whole body of the militia of the United States”, enacted 23 April 1808, was legislation enacted by the 10th United States Congress that provided an annual appropriation of $200,000, to provide funding for arms and equipment for… Read More

What were the Militia Acts of 1792?

Introduction There were two Militia Acts enacted by the second United States Congress in 1792 that provided for the organisation of militias and empowered the President of the United States to take command of the state militias in times of imminent invasion or insurrection. The President’s authority had a life of two years, and was… Read More