Who was Thomas W. Bennett?

Introduction Thomas William Bennett (07 April 1947 to 11 February 1969) was a United States Army medic who was killed in action during the Vietnam War and the second conscientious objector to receive the Medal of Honour. Bennett received the medal after repeatedly putting himself in harm’s way to save wounded soldiers during operations in… Read More

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Who was Desmond Doss?

Introduction Desmond Thomas Doss (07 February 1919 to 23 March 2006) was a United States Army corporal who served as a combat medic with an infantry company in World War II. He was twice awarded the Bronze Star Medal for actions in Guam and the Philippines. Doss further distinguished himself in the Battle of Okinawa… Read More

What is a War Resister?

Introduction A war resister is a person who resists war. The term can mean several things: resisting participation in all war, or a specific war, either before or after enlisting in, being inducted into, or being conscripted into a military force. Brief History Early usage of the term “war resister” is found in the name… Read More

What is the Selective Service System?

Introduction The Selective Service System (SSS) is an independent agency of the United States government that maintains information on those potentially subject to military conscription (i.e. the draft) and carries out contingency planning and preparations for two types of draft: A general draft based on registration lists of men aged 18-25; and A special-skills draft… Read More

What is Zivildienst?

Introduction Zivildienst is the German denomination for the alternative civilian service for conscripted persons who are conscientious objectors to fulfil their national service, typically in the fields of social work (e.g. hospitals, retirement homes, emergency medical services) and, although rarely, environmental protection, agriculture, and public administration. As such, it is exempt from the general ban… Read More

South Korea & Conscientious Objectors

“Lim jae-sung is a mild-mannered lawyer in his thirties with a fondness for monogrammed shirts and human-rights cases. Owing to South Korea’s strict military-service laws, he is also a convicted criminal with a prison record. Mr Lim refused to serve in the army after becoming involved with the anti-war movement sparked by the dispatch of… Read More

The Two Types of Conscientious Objector

The Armed Forces of the United States of America (USA) place conscientious objectors into two categories: Class 1-O; and Class 1-A-O. Conscientious Objector Class 1-O A member who, by reason of conscientious objection, sincerely objects to participation in military service of any kind in war in any form. Conscientious Objector Class 1-A-O A member who,… Read More