Without a Leader…

“A British General after viewing the work of the Canadians in attack at Paardeberg [sic], said: “Those men can go into battle without a leader, they have intelligence and resourcefulness enough to lead themselves.” They did not stand beside stones waiting for an order to get behind them and save their lives. They saved their… Read More


Keeping Up Morale…

“Message: ‘German attack east of St. Eloi. PPCLI relief postponed.’ … That extra sentence seemed a lot to men who had not slept for five days and there was some cursing in the darkness. Colonel Farquhar, following his usual custom of considering the front line as healthy as a village lane, appeared at the back… Read More

Canadian Officer Career Management System (2001)

The Canadian officer system is organised as a long-career system with expectation of service to age 55 for most officers and to age 60 for officers in the medical, dental, and legal profession. The career is composed of three engagements: Short engagement through 9 years of service with about 95% passing beyond; Intermediate engagement through 20… Read More

War Surgery, The First World War & Major L.B. Robertson

Discussion Paper Title The University of Toronto’s lasting contribution to war surgery: how Maj. L. Bruce Robertson fundamentally transformed thinking toward blood transfusion during the First World War. Summary During the Great War, Canadian military surgeons produced some of the greatest innovations to improve survival on the battlefield. Arguably, the most important was bringing blood… Read More

Canadian Armed Forces Values & Standards

Canadian Armed Forces Principles and Values The Canadian Armed Forces (CAF), consisting of the Canadian Army (CA), Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) and Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF), have a shared code of values and ethics. Principles: Respect the Dignity of All Persons. Serve Canada before Self. Obey and Support Lawful Authority. Values: Integrity: Serve the… Read More

Development of Physical Fitness Standards for Canadian Armed Forces Younger Personnel (1992)

Research Paper Title Development of Physical Fitness Standards for Canadian Armed Forces Younger Personnel. Background The purpose of this study was to develop minimum physical fitness standards based on common task criteria for personnel younger than 35 years of age in the Canadian Armed Forces. Methods A random sample of 66 men and 144 women… Read More

Developing a Pre-selection Training Programme for SOF

Research Paper Title The Development of a Preselection Physical Fitness Training Program for Canadian Special Operations Regiment Applicants. Background Special Operations Forces (SOF) soldiers must undergo a rigorous selection process that requires high levels of physical fitness and stamina to complete. Physical preparedness is crucial for an applicant’s performance during a selection process; preselection physical… Read More