What is the Royal Canadian Legion?

Introduction The Royal Canadian Legion is a non-profit Canadian ex-service organisation (veterans’ organisation) founded in 1925. Membership includes people who have served as military, Royal Canadian Mounted Police, provincial and municipal police, Royal Canadian Air, Army and Sea Cadets, direct relatives of members and also affiliated members. Membership is now also open to the general… Read More

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Who was Mary Greyeyes?

Introduction Mary Greyeyes Reid (14 November 1920 to 31 March 2011) was a Canadian World War II servicewoman. A Cree from the Muskeg Lake Cree Nation in Saskatchewan, she was the first First Nations woman to enlist in the Canadian Armed Forces. After joining the Canadian Women’s Army Corps (CWAC) in 1942, she became the… Read More

An Overview of Canada and the Korean War

Introduction The Canadian Forces were involved in the 1950-1953 Korean War and its aftermath. 26,000 Canadians participated on the side of the United Nations, and Canada sent eight destroyers. Canadian aircraft provided transport, supply and logistics. 516 Canadians died, 312 of which were from combat. After the war, Canadian troops remained for three years as… Read More

What was the National Resources Mobilisation Act (1940)?

Introduction The National Resources Mobilisation Act, 1940 (4 George VI, Chap. 13) was a statute of the Parliament of Canada passed to provide for better planning of a much greater Canadian war effort (World War II), both overseas and in military production at home. Scope Modelled on the British Emergency Powers (Defence) Act 1939, as… Read More

What was the National Defence Act (1922)?

Introduction The National Defence Act (NDA; French: Loi sur la défense nationale; LDN) is the primary enabling legislation for organising and funding Canada’s military. Passed in 1922, and in force as of 01 January 1923, it created the Department of National Defence by merging the Department of Militia and Defence with the Department of the… Read More

What was The October Crisis (1970)?

Introduction The October Crisis (French: Crise d’Octobre) refers to a chain of events that started in October 1970 when members of the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) kidnapped the provincial Deputy Premier Pierre Laporte and British diplomat James Cross from his Montreal residence. These events saw the Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau invoking the War… Read More

Who was Thomas William Holmes?

Introduction Thomas William Holmes VC (14 October 1898 to 04 January 1950) was a soldier in the Canadian Expeditionary Force, and was a Canadian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces, during the First… Read More