What was the National Defence Act (1922)?

Introduction The National Defence Act (NDA; French: Loi sur la défense nationale; LDN) is the primary enabling legislation for organising and funding Canada’s military. Passed in 1922, and in force as of 01 January 1923, it created the Department of National Defence by merging the Department of Militia and Defence with the Department of the… Read More


What was The October Crisis (1970)?

Introduction The October Crisis (French: Crise d’Octobre) refers to a chain of events that started in October 1970 when members of the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) kidnapped the provincial Deputy Premier Pierre Laporte and British diplomat James Cross from his Montreal residence. These events saw the Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau invoking the War… Read More

Who was Thomas William Holmes?

Introduction Thomas William Holmes VC (14 October 1898 to 04 January 1950) was a soldier in the Canadian Expeditionary Force, and was a Canadian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces, during the First… Read More

An Overview of Canada and the Vietnam War

Introduction The Vietnam War had considerable effects on Canada, but Canada and Canadians also affected the war. The Canadian government did not participate in the war. It contributed to peacekeeping forces in 1973 to help enforce the Paris Peace Accords. Privately, some Canadians contributed to the war effort. Canadian corporations sold war material to the… Read More

What is the Effect of Repeated Occupational Exposure to Low-level Blast in the Canadian Armed Forces?

Research Paper Title Repeated Occupational Exposure to Low-level Blast in the Canadian Armed Forces: Effects on Hearing, Balance, and Ataxia. Background Recently, there has been increasing concern about the adverse health effects of long-term occupational exposure to low-level blast in military personnel. Occupational blast exposure occurs routinely in garrison through use of armaments and controlled… Read More

Without a Leader…

“A British General after viewing the work of the Canadians in attack at Paardeberg [sic], said: “Those men can go into battle without a leader, they have intelligence and resourcefulness enough to lead themselves.” They did not stand beside stones waiting for an order to get behind them and save their lives. They saved their… Read More

Keeping Up Morale…

“Message: ‘German attack east of St. Eloi. PPCLI relief postponed.’ … That extra sentence seemed a lot to men who had not slept for five days and there was some cursing in the darkness. Colonel Farquhar, following his usual custom of considering the front line as healthy as a village lane, appeared at the back… Read More