What is the Pentagon?

Introduction The Pentagon is the headquarters building of the United States Department of Defence. As a symbol of the US military, the phrase The Pentagon is also often used as a metonym or synecdoche for the Department of Defence and its leadership. Located in Arlington County, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C., the… Read More

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On This Day … 02 March

Events 537 – Siege of Rome: The Ostrogoth army under king Vitiges begins the siege of the capital. Belisarius conducts a delaying action outside the Flaminian Gate; he and a detachment of his bucellarii are almost cut off. 986 – Louis V becomes King of the Franks. 1444 – Skanderbeg organizes a group of Albanian… Read More

What was the October Revolution (1917)?

Introduction The October Revolution, also known as the Great October Socialist Revolution, as the official term in the Soviet Union, the Bolshevik Coup, the Bolshevik Revolution, the October Uprising, the October Coup or Red October, was a revolution in Russia led by the Bolshevik Party of Vladimir Lenin that was instrumental in the larger Russian… Read More

What was the February Revolution (1917)?

Introduction The February Revolution (Russian: Февра́льская револю́ция), known in Soviet historiography as the February Bourgeois Democratic Revolution and sometimes as the March Revolution, was the first of two revolutions which took place in Russia in 1917 (refer to October Revolution and Russian Civil War, 1917-1923). The main events of the revolution took place in and… Read More

What was the 1905 Russian Revolution?

Introduction The Russian Revolution of 1905, also known as the First Russian Revolution, was a wave of mass political and social unrest that spread through vast areas of the Russian Empire, some of which was directed at the government. It included worker strikes, peasant unrest, and military mutinies. It led to constitutional reform (namely the… Read More

On This Day … 01 March

Events 509 BC – Publius Valerius Publicola celebrates the first triumph of the Roman Republic after his victory over the deposed king Lucius Tarquinius Superbus at the Battle of Silva Arsia. 293 – Emperor Diocletian and Maximian appoint Constantius Chlorus and Galerius as Caesars. This is considered the beginning of the Tetrarchy, known as the… Read More

What was World War I (1914-1918)?

Introduction World War I (or the First World War, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1; German: Erster Weltkrieg) was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously known as the Great War or “the war to end all wars”, it led to the mobilisation of more… Read More