Who was Paul von Hindenburg?

Introduction Paul Ludwig Hans Anton von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg (02 October 1847 to 02 August 1934) was a German general and statesman who led the Imperial German Army during World War I and later became President of Germany from 1925 until his death in 1934. During his presidency, he played a key role in… Read More


Who was Ferdinand Foch?

Introduction Ferdinand Foch (02 October 1851 to 20 March 1929) was a French general and military theorist who served as the Supreme Allied Commander during the First World War. An aggressive, even reckless commander at the First Marne, Flanders and Artois campaigns of 1914-1916, Foch became the Allied Commander-in-Chief in late March 1918 in the… Read More

Who was Mahatma Gandhi?

Introduction Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (02 October 1869 to 30 January 1948) was an Indian lawyer, anti-colonial nationalist and political ethicist who employed nonviolent resistance to lead the successful campaign for India’s independence from British rule and in turn inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. The honorific Mahātmā (Sanskrit: “great-souled”, “venerable”), first… Read More

Who was Radoje Ljutovac?

Introduction Radoje Ljutovac (04 September 1887 to 25 November 1968) was a Serbian soldier from the village of Poljna, Serbia. Private Radoje Ljutovac fought in the First World War in the Serbian Army, and is officially credited with the first shooting down of a military aircraft with Ground-to-Air artillery fire. Balkans War During the Balkan… Read More

Who was Lawrence Weathers?

Introduction Lawrence Carthage Weathers, VC (14 May 1890 to 29 September 1918) was a New Zealand-born Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in battle that could be awarded to a member of the Australian armed forces at the time. His parents returned to their native South Australia when Weathers was… Read More

Who was Freddie Stowers?

Introduction Freddie Stowers (12 January 1896 to 28 September 1918) was an African-American corporal in the United States Army who was killed in action during World War I while serving in an American unit under French command. Over 70 years later, he posthumously received the Medal of Honour and Purple Heart for his actions. Early… Read More

Who was Lothar von Richthofen?

Introduction Lothar Siegfried Freiherr von Richthofen (27 September 1894 to 04 July 1922) was a German First World War fighter ace credited with 40 victories. He was a younger brother of top-scoring ace Manfred von Richthofen (the Red Baron) and a distant cousin of Luftwaffe Field Marshal Wolfram von Richthofen. Following the war, he worked… Read More