Who was Daniel J. Callaghan?

Introduction Daniel Judson Callaghan (26 July 1890 to 13 November 1942) was a United States Navy officer who received the Medal of Honour posthumously for his actions during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal. In a career spanning three decades, he served his country in two wars. Callaghan served on several ships during his first 20… Read More

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Who was Lanoe Hawker

Lanoe George Hawker, VC, DSO (30 December 1890 to 23 November 1916) was a British flying ace of the First World War. Having seven credited victories, he was the third pilot to receive the Victoria Cross, the highest decoration for gallantry awarded to British and Commonwealth servicemen. He was killed in a dogfight with the… Read More

Who was Smedley Butler?

Introduction Major General Smedley Darlington Butler (30 July 1881 to 21 June 1940), nicknamed “Maverick Marine”, was a senior United States Marine Corps officer who fought in the Philippine-American War, the Boxer Rebellion, the Mexican Revolution and World War I. During his 34-year career as a Marine, he participated in military actions in the Philippines,… Read More

Who was Mick Mannock?

Introduction Edward Corringham “Mick” Mannock VC, DSO & Two Bars, MC & Bar (24 May 1887 to 26 July 1918) was a British flying ace in the Royal Flying Corps and Royal Air Force during the First World War. Mannock was a pioneer of fighter aircraft tactics in aerial warfare. At the time of his… Read More

Who was Frank Luke Jr.?

Introduction Frank Luke Jr. (19 May 1897 to 29 September 1918) was an American fighter ace credited with 19 aerial victories, ranking him second among United States Army Air Service (USAAS) pilots after Captain Eddie Rickenbacker during World War I. Luke was the first airman to receive the Medal of Honour and the first USAAS… Read More

What was the Sedition Act of 1918 (US)?

Introduction The Sedition Act of 1918 (Pub.L. 65-150, 40 Stat. 553, enacted 16 May 1918) was an Act of the United States Congress that extended the Espionage Act of 1917 to cover a broader range of offenses, notably speech and the expression of opinion that cast the government or the war effort in a negative… Read More

Who was Maurice Buckley?

Introduction Maurice Vincent Buckley, VC, DCM (13 April 1891 to 27 January 1921) was an Australian soldier serving under the pseudonym Gerald Sexton who was awarded the Victoria Cross during the First World War. This is the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth… Read More