What were the French Army Mutinies (1917)?

Introduction The 1917 French Army mutinies took place amongst French Army troops on the Western Front in Northern France during World War I. Refer to the Singapore Mutiny (1915) and the Etaples Mutiny (1917). They started just after the unsuccessful and costly Second Battle of the Aisne, the main action in the Nivelle Offensive in… Read More

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What is the National Guard (France)?

Introduction The National Guard (French: Garde nationale) is a French military, gendarmerie, and police reserve force, active in its current form since 2016 but originally founded in 1789 during the French Revolution. For most of its history the National Guard, particularly its officers, has been widely viewed as loyal to middle-class interests. It was founded… Read More

What was the Hundred Years’ War?

Introduction The Hundred Years’ War was a series of conflicts in Western Europe from 1337 to 1453, waged between the House of Plantagenet and its cadet House of Lancaster, rulers of the Kingdom of England, and the House of Valois over the right to rule the Kingdom of France. It was one of the most… Read More

What was the Fashoda Incident?

Introduction The Fashoda Incident was the climax of imperial territorial disputes between Britain and France in East Africa, occurring in 1898. A French expedition to Fashoda on the White Nile river sought to gain control of the Upper Nile river basin and thereby exclude Britain from the Sudan. The French party and a British-Egyptian force… Read More

Motor Neuron Disease: Civilian vs Military Populations

Research Paper Title Is the incidence of motor neuron disease higher in French military personnel? Background Previous studies, mostly from the United States, showed an increased risk of motor neuron disease (MND) in military personnel. The researchers compared MND incidence rates in French military personnel to that in the general population. Methods Among persons covered… Read More

Does the use of a Digital Cognitive Aid by Combat Casualty Care Providers improved Performance during Field Training of Simulated Crises?

Research Paper Title Use of a Digital Cognitive Aid in the Early Management of Simulated War Wounds in a Combat Environment, a Randomized Trial. Background The French army has implemented an algorithm based on the acronym “MARCHE RYAN,” each letter standing for a key action to complete in order to help first care providers during… Read More

Is Acute Respiratory Distress Syndromes Frequent & Severe among French Patients Evacuated from War Theatres?

Research Paper Title Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in the forward environment. Retrospective analysis of ARDS cases among French Army war casualties. Background According to the Joint Theater Trauma Registry, 26-33% of war casualties develop Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), with high mortality. Here the researchers aimed to describe ARDS incidence and severity among patients evacuated… Read More