What where the Little Rock Nine (1957)?

Introduction The Little Rock Nine was a group of nine African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957. Their enrolment was followed by the Little Rock Crisis, in which the students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school by Orval Faubus, the Governor of Arkansas. They then attended after… Read More

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What was the Militia Act of 1808?

Introduction The Militia Act of 1808 (Pub.L. 10-52), formally “An act making provision for arming and equipping the whole body of the militia of the United States”, enacted 23 April 1808, was legislation enacted by the 10th United States Congress that provided an annual appropriation of $200,000, to provide funding for arms and equipment for… Read More

What was the Militia Act of 1903?

Introduction The Militia Act of 1903 (32 Stat. 775), also known as the Efficiency in Militia Act of 1903 or the Dick Act, was legislation enacted by the United States Congress to create an early National Guard and which codified the circumstances under which the Guard could be federalised. It also provided federal funds to… Read More

What was the National Defence Act of 1920?

Introduction The National Defence Act of 1920 (or Kahn Act) was sponsored by United States Representative Julius Kahn, Republican of California. This legislation updated the National Defence Act of 1916 to reorganise the United States Army and decentralise the procurement and acquisitions process for equipment, weapons, supplies and vehicles. It was passed by Congress on… Read More

What was the National Defence Act of 1916?

Introduction The National Defence Act of 1916, Pub.L. 64–85, 39 Stat. 166, enacted June 3, 1916, was a United States federal law that updated the Militia Act of 1903, which related to the organisation of the military, particularly the National Guard. The principal change of the act was to supersede provisions as to exemptions. The… Read More

What is Active Duty/Service?

Introduction Active duty is a full-time occupation as part of a military force, as opposed to reserve duty. active duty is a United States (US) term, in the United Kingdom (UK) and the Commonwealth of Nations the equivalent term is active service. India The Indian Armed Forces are considered to be one of the largest… Read More

What is the National Guard (France)?

Introduction The National Guard (French: Garde nationale) is a French military, gendarmerie, and police reserve force, active in its current form since 2016 but originally founded in 1789 during the French Revolution. For most of its history the National Guard, particularly its officers, has been widely viewed as loyal to middle-class interests. It was founded… Read More