What was the Militia Act of 1903?

Introduction The Militia Act of 1903 (32 Stat. 775), also known as the Efficiency in Militia Act of 1903 or the Dick Act, was legislation enacted by the United States Congress to create an early National Guard and which codified the circumstances under which the Guard could be federalised. It also provided federal funds to… Read More

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What was the National Defence Act of 1920?

Introduction The National Defence Act of 1920 (or Kahn Act) was sponsored by United States Representative Julius Kahn, Republican of California. This legislation updated the National Defence Act of 1916 to reorganise the United States Army and decentralise the procurement and acquisitions process for equipment, weapons, supplies and vehicles. It was passed by Congress on… Read More

What was the National Defence Act of 1916?

Introduction The National Defence Act of 1916, Pub.L. 64–85, 39 Stat. 166, enacted June 3, 1916, was a United States federal law that updated the Militia Act of 1903, which related to the organisation of the military, particularly the National Guard. The principal change of the act was to supersede provisions as to exemptions. The… Read More

What was the Selective Service Act of 1917?

Introduction The Selective Service Act of 1917 or Selective Draft Act (Pub.L. 65–12, 40 Stat. 76, enacted 18 May 1917) authorised the United States federal government to raise a national army for service in World War I through conscription. It was envisioned in December 1916 and brought to President Woodrow Wilson’s attention shortly after the… Read More