What is the Army-Navy Game (US)?

Introduction The Army-Navy Game is an American college football rivalry game between the Army Black Knights of the United States Military Academy (USMA) at West Point, New York, and the Navy Midshipmen of the United States Naval Academy (USNA) at Annapolis, Maryland. The Black Knights, or Cadets, and Midshipmen each represent their service’s oldest officer… Read More


What is the National War College (US)?

Introduction The National War College (NWC) of the United States is a school in the National Defence University (NDU). It is housed in Roosevelt Hall on Fort Lesley J. McNair, Washington, D.C., the third-oldest Army post still active. Brief History The NWC was officially established on 01 July 1946, as an upgraded replacement for the… Read More

What is the College of Information and Cyberspace (US)?

Introduction The National Defence University College of Information and Cyberspace (CIC) (formerly the Information Resources Management College (IRMC) or NDU iCollege, and the DoD Computer Institute) is a US Department of Defence graduate school that provides information and cyberspace focused education for national security leaders of the United States and beyond. Outline A component of… Read More

What was Operation Unified Assistance (2004)?

Introduction Operation Unified Assistance was the American military’s humanitarian response to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami. On 28 December 2004, elements of the Combined Support Force were deployed to U-Tapao International Airport in Thailand. More than 12,600 Department of Defence (DOD) personnel were involved in the relief effort. Refer to Operation Unified Response… Read More

What was Operation United Assistance (2014)?

Introduction Operation United Assistance was a 2014 United States military mission to help combat the Ebola virus epidemic in West Africa, including the part of the epidemic occurring in Liberia. The 101st Airborne Division headquarters was responsible for leading the mission. Refer to Operation Unified Assistance (2004) and Operation Unified Response (2010). Brief History The… Read More

What are Effects-Based Operations?

Introduction Effects-based operations (EBO) is a United States military concept that emerged during the Persian Gulf War for the planning and conduct of operations combining military and non-military methods to achieve a particular effect. An effects-based approach to operations was first applied in modern times in the design and execution of the Desert Storm air… Read More

What are Military Operations Other Than War (US)?

Introduction American military operations other than war (MOOTW) focus on deterring war, resolving conflict, promoting peace, and supporting civil authorities in response to domestic crises. In United States military doctrine, military operations other than war includes the use of military capabilities across a range of operations that fall short of war. Because of political considerations,… Read More