What is Temporary Duty?

Introduction Temporary duty travel (TDY), also known as temporary additional duty (TAD), is a designation reflecting a United States Armed Forces service member’s – or civilian Department of Defence employee’s – travel or other assignment at a location other than the traveller’s permanent duty station as authorised by the Joint Travel Regulations (PDF file). Outline… Read More


What is Military Keynesianism?

Introduction Military Keynesianism is an economic policy based on the position that government should raise military spending to boost economic growth. It is a fiscal stimulus policy as advocated by John Maynard Keynes. But where Keynes advocated increasing public spending on socially useful items (infrastructure in particular), additional public spending is allocated to the arms… Read More

What was Section 8 (Military Discharge)?

Introduction Section 8 was a category of discharge from the US military, used for a service member judged mentally unfit for service. Section 8 was also often given to cross-dressers, gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender people. Brief History The term comes from Section VIII of the World War II-era United States Army Regulation 615-360, concerning… Read More

What was a Blue Discharge?

Introduction A blue discharge (also known as a “blue ticket”) was a form of administrative military discharge formerly issued by the United States beginning in 1916. It was neither honourable nor dishonourable. The blue ticket became the discharge of choice for commanders seeking to remove homosexual service members from the ranks. They were also issued… Read More

A Brief Overview of Military Discharge

Introduction A military discharge is given when a member of the armed forces is released from their obligation to serve. Each country’s military has different types of discharge. They are generally based on whether the persons completed their training and then fully and satisfactorily completed their term of service. Other types of discharge are based… Read More

What is Reduction In Rank

Introduction Reduction in rank may refer to three separate concepts: Brief History Reduction in rank (Latin gradus deiectio meaning position degradation) was a Roman military punishment. United States In the United States, courts-martial may adjudge reduction to any enlisted member to the lowest or any intermediate pay grade. However, a summary court-martial may not sentence… Read More

What is the Veterans Benefits and Transition Act of 2018 (US)?

Introduction This Veterans Benefits and Transition Act of 2018 (Public Law 115-407) updated various Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) benefits and programmes in areas including education, transition assistance, and civil relief. The Act was signed into law by then President Donald Trump on 31 December 2018. Refer to The Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (2003), Military… Read More