Who was Charles Napier?

Introduction Admiral Sir Charles John Napier KCB GOTE RN (06 March 1786 to 06 November 1860) was a British naval officer whose sixty years in the Royal Navy included service in the War of 1812, the Napoleonic Wars, Syrian War and the Crimean War (with the Russians), and a period commanding the Portuguese navy in… Read More


What is the Battle of Cape St. Vincent (1833)?

Introduction The Battle of Cape St. Vincent was a naval encounter off Cape St. Vincent between a Liberal fleet under the command of British naval officer Charles Napier against a Miguelite fleet under the command of Portuguese naval officer Manuel Marreiros, which was fought on 05 July 1833 during the Liberal Wars (1828-1834) and resulted… Read More

Who was William Hall?

Introduction William Nelson Edward Hall VC (28 April 1827 to 27 August 1904) was the first Black person, first Nova Scotian, and third Canadian to receive the Victoria Cross. He received the medal for his actions in the 1857 Siege of Lucknow during the Indian Rebellion. Hall and an officer from his ship continued to… Read More

What was the Corfu Channel Incident (1946-1948)?

Introduction The Corfu Channel Incident consists of three separate events involving Royal Navy ships in the Channel of Corfu which took place in 1946, and it is considered an early episode of the Cold War. During the first incident, Royal Navy ships came under fire from Albanian fortifications. The second incident involved Royal Navy ships… Read More

Who was Eugene Esmonde?

Introduction Lieutenant Commander Eugene Esmonde, VC, DSO (01 March 1909 to 12 February 1942) was a distinguished Irish pilot in the Fleet Air Arm who was a posthumous recipient of the Victoria Cross (VC), the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy awarded to members of Commonwealth forces. Esmonde earned this award… Read More

What was the Royal Navy Mutiny of 1919?

Introduction The Royal Navy mutiny of 1919 was a peaceful mutiny of several dozen sailors protesting against their deployment to the British campaign in the Baltic of 1918-1919. Of all who left their ships 96 offenders were arrested and punished, ten by imprisonment. Refer to Southampton Mutiny (1919), HMS Kilbride Mutiny (1919), and Invergordon Mutiny… Read More

What was the Invergordon Mutiny (1931)

Introduction The Invergordon Mutiny was an industrial action by around 1,000 sailors in the British Atlantic Fleet that took place on 15 to 16 September 1931. For two days, ships of the Royal Navy at Invergordon were in open mutiny, in one of the few military strikes in British history. The mutiny caused a panic… Read More