What is the Impact of the Occupational Environment of a Submerged Submarine on Cardiometabolic Health of Royal Navy Submariners?

When on patrol, submariners spend several months submerged and isolated. They work shifts, endure a disrupted pattern of sleep, and eat a restricted diet. Space for physical activity is limited and there is no exposure to natural sunlight. Surprisingly, none of these seems to have a deleterious effect on biomarkers of cardiometabolic risk (Gunner et… Read More

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Does Submarine Deployment Impair Fat-Free Mass Maintenance & Promote Adiposity?

Research Paper Title Energy Expenditure and Changes in Body Composition during Submarine Deployment-An Observational Study “DasBoost 2-2017”. Background This study was designed to objectively assess the effects of 3-months submarine deployment on behavioural and metabolic determinants of metabolic health. Methods In 13 healthy, non-obese volunteers, the researchers used stable isotope dilution, and plasma and urinary… Read More

Summary of Service: HMS Southampton, 1939-1941

HMS Southampton gave her name to a class of cruisers authorised in 1933, of 9,100 tons standard displacement, 32 knots designed speed, and a main armament of twelve 6 in guns. She was built by John Brown and Co, Clydebank, laid down on 21st November, 1934, launched on 10th March, 1936, and completed on 6th… Read More

Summary of Service: HMS Liverpool (1938-1958)

HMS LIVERPOOL was a SOUTHAMPTON class cruiser, built and engined by the Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Co Ltd, Govan, Glasgow. Ordered under the 1935 programme on the 11th November of that year, she was laid down on the 17th February 1936, launched on the 24th March 1937, by Mrs Montagu Norman, wife of the Governor… Read More

Birth of the Royal Navy

“The Puritan Revolution (1640-1660) and the Dutch Wars (1652-1678) led England to establish a permanent national navy with a professional officer corps. It became the Royal Navy in 1660 under Charles II. The Royal Navy became essential in the defense of the island nation and the protection of merchant interests across the globe. Though a… Read More

The Former HMS Endurance

The former HMS Endurance, affectionately known as ‘Red Plum’, was a Class 1 icebreaker that served as the Royal Navy’s ice patrol ship between 1991 and 2008. Built in 1990 by Ulstein Hatlo for Reiber Shipping, Norway, as MV Polar Circle, she was chartered by the Royal Navy in 1991 for eight months as HMS… Read More