Who was Ernst Lindemann?

Introduction Otto Ernst Lindemann (28 March 1894 to 27 May 1941) was a German Kapitän zur See (naval captain). He was the only commander of the battleship Bismarck during its eight months of service in World War II. Lindemann joined the German Imperial Navy (German: Kaiserliche Marine) in 1913, and after his basic military training,… Read More

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What is Diffused Lighting Camouflage?

Introduction Diffused lighting camouflage was a form of active camouflage using counter-illumination to enable a ship to match its background, the night sky, that was tested by the Royal Canadian Navy on corvettes during World War II. The principle was discovered by a Canadian professor, Edmund Godfrey Burr, in 1940. It attracted interest because it… Read More

Type 23 Frigate Food & Fuels Stats

Introduction “HMS Northumberland’s sailors spent Christmas away from home as they continued their vital mission protecting UK waters and the nation’s nuclear deterrent. The Type 23 frigate was last at her home port of Devonport in late September and since then has been part of the UK Carrier Strike group during landmark operations in the… Read More

What was the Battle of Calabria (1940)?

Introduction The Battle of Calabria, known to the Italian Navy as the Battle of Punta Stilo, was a naval battle during the Battle of the Mediterranean in the Second World War. Ships of the Italian Regia Marina were opposed by vessels of the British Royal Navy and Royal Australian Navy. The battle occurred 30 miles… Read More

The Significant Costs of Aircraft Carriers

What is an Aircraft Carrier? An aircraft carrier is a warship that serves as a seagoing airbase, equipped with a full-length flight deck and facilities for carrying, arming, deploying, and recovering aircraft. Countries with Aircraft Carriers Notwithstanding the US, other countries capable of launching jet aircraft make do with smaller and less potent vessels. Countries… Read More

Summary of Service: HMS Southampton, 1921-1926

HMS Southampton was built by Messrs John Brown & Co, laid down at Clydebank, 30 March 1911 and launched, 06 May 1912 by Lady Katherine Somerset. She was a light cruiser of 5,400 tons, 15,400 HP with an armament of eight 6in guns. She was the fourth ship of the Royal Navy to bear the… Read More

Summary of Service: HMS Southampton, 1939-1941

HMS Southampton gave her name to a class of cruisers authorised in 1933, of 9,100 tons standard displacement, 32 knots designed speed, and a main armament of twelve 6 in guns. She was built by John Brown and Co, Clydebank, laid down on 21st November, 1934, launched on 10th March, 1936, and completed on 6th… Read More