What is a Riposte?

Introduction In fencing, a riposte (French for “retort”) is an offensive action with the intent of hitting one’s opponent made by the fencer who has just parried an attack. In military usage, a riposte is the strategic device of hitting a vulnerable point of the enemy, thereby forcing him to abandon his own attack. In… Read More

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What is Cabbage Tactics?

Introduction Cabbage tactics is a militarily swarming and overwhelming tactic of seizing control of islands. It is a tactic to overwhelm and seize control of an island by surrounding and wrapping the island in successive layers of Chinese naval ships, China Coast Guard ships and fishing boats and cut-off the island from outside support. Definition… Read More

What is a Perpetual War?

Introduction Perpetual war, endless war, or a forever war, is a lasting state of war with no clear conditions that would lead to its conclusion. These wars are situations of ongoing tension that may escalate at any moment, similar to the Cold War. From the late 20th century, the concepts have been used to critique… Read More

What is Absolute War?

Introduction The concept of absolute war was a theoretical construct developed by the Prussian military theorist General Carl von Clausewitz in his famous but unfinished philosophical exploration of war, Vom Kriege (in English, On War, 1832). Refer to Perpetual War. The notion of an “absolute form of war” is very clearly derived from the new… Read More

What is a Rearguard?

Introduction A rearguard is that part of a military force that protects it from attack from the rear, either during an advance or withdrawal. The term can also be used to describe forces protecting lines, such as communication lines, behind an army. Even more generally, a rearguard action may refer idiomatically to an attempt at… Read More

What is the Economics of Defence?

Introduction The economics of defence or defence economics is a subfield of economics, an application of the economic theory to the issues of military defence. It is a relatively new field. An early specialised work in the field is the RAND Corporation report The Economics of Defence in the Nuclear Age by Charles J. Hitch… Read More

What is the Economy of Force?

Introduction Economy of force is one of the nine Principles of War, based upon Carl von Clausewitz‘s approach to warfare. It is the principle of employing all available combat power in the most effective way possible, in an attempt to allocate a minimum of essential combat power to any secondary efforts. It is the judicious… Read More