What was the 1952 Luqa Avro Lancaster Crash?

Introduction The 1952 Luqa Avro Lancaster crash was a military aviation accident that occurred in Malta on 30 December 1952 when an Avro Lancaster bomber crashed shortly after takeoff from RAF Luqa into a residential area in Luqa. Three of the four crew members on board the aircraft and a civilian on the ground were… Read More


What was United Airlines Flight 736?

Introduction United Airlines Flight 736 was a daily transcontinental passenger flight in the United States operated by United Airlines. On 21 April 1958, the Douglas DC-7 serving the flight crashed in southern Nevada following a mid-air collision. The aircraft assigned to Flight 736, an airliner with 47 aboard (42 passengers, 5 crew), was flying at… Read More

What was the 1969 EC-121 Shootdown Incident?

Introduction On 15 April 1969, a United States Navy Lockheed EC-121M Warning Star of Fleet Air Reconnaissance Squadron One (VQ-1) on a reconnaissance mission was shot down by a North Korean MiG-21 aircraft over the Sea of Japan. The plane crashed 90 nautical miles (167 km) off the North Korean coast and all 31 Americans… Read More

What was the 1946 Rabat Vickers Wellington Crash?

Introduction The 1946 Rabat Vickers Wellington crash was a military aviation accident that occurred in Malta on 05 April 1946 when a Vickers Wellington bomber crashed during a training exercise in a residential area in Rabat. All four crew members on board the aircraft and 16 civilians on the ground were killed. The crash also… Read More

What is the US Navy Strike Fighter Tactics Instructor Programme?

Introduction The United States Navy Strike Fighter Tactics Instructor programme (SFTI programme), more popularly known as TOPGUN, teaches fighter and strike tactics and techniques to selected naval aviators and naval flight officers, who return to their operating units as surrogate instructors. It began as the United States Navy Fighter Weapons School, established on 03 March… Read More

What is Dissimilar Air Combat Training?

Introduction Dissimilar air combat training (DACT) was introduced as a formal part of US air combat training after disappointing aerial combat exchange rates in the Vietnam War. Refer to Aggressor Squadron and US Navy Strike Fighter Tactics Instructor Programme (aka TOPGUN). Background Traditionally, pilots would undertake air combat training against similar aircraft. For example, pilots… Read More

What is an Aggressor Squadron?

Introduction An aggressor squadron or adversary squadron (in the US Navy and US Marine Corps) is a squadron that is trained to act as an opposing force in military wargames. Aggressor squadrons use enemy tactics, techniques, and procedures to give a realistic simulation of air combat (as opposed to training against one’s own forces). Since… Read More