What were the Anglo-Scottish Wars?

Introduction The Anglo-Scottish Wars comprise the various battles which continued to be fought between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland from the time of the Wars of Independence in the early 14th century through to the latter years of the 16th century. Although the Wars of Independence, in which Scotland twice resisted… Read More


Things to Consider before Getting an AR 15 Upper Receivers

So, you wish to build your own AR-15 upper receiver? This article aims to make it as quick and painless as possible for you. The article will discuss why each individual part was selected and which tools are really needed for a successful build. It will then go through two (2) different builds that should… Read More

What was the Occupation of the Rhineland (1918-1930)?

Introduction The Occupation of the Rhineland from 01 December 1918 until 30 June 1930 was a consequence of the collapse of the Imperial German Army in 1918. Despite Germany’s proving victorious on the eastern front following the Russian Revolution, the military high command had failed to prevent the continuing erosion of morale, both domestically and… Read More

What was the Battle of Brunekeberg (1471)?

Introduction The Battle of Brunkeberg was fought on 10 October 1471 between the Swedish regent Sten Sture the Elder and forces led by Danish king Christian I. Sture won a decisive victory. Part of the Dano-Swedish War (1470 to 1471). Background In May 1471, Sten Sture the Elder had been elected as Lord Protector of… Read More

What was the War of Chioggia (1377-1381)?

The War of Chioggia (Italian: Guerra di Chioggia) was a conflict between Genoa and Venice which lasted from 1378 to 1381, from which Venice emerged triumphant. It was a part of the Venetian-Genoese Wars. The war had mixed results. Venice and her allies won the war against their Italian rival states, however lost the war… Read More

What was the Byzantine-Venetian War (1296-1302)?

Introduction The Byzantine–Venetian War of 1296-1302 was an offshoot of the second Venetian-Genoese War of 1294-1299. In 1296 the local Genoese residents of Constantinople destroyed the Venetian quarter and killed many Venetian civilians. Despite the Byzantine-Venetian truce of 1285, the Byzantine emperor Andronikos II Palaiologos immediately showed support for his Genoese allies by arresting the… Read More