Linking Aerobic Exercise, Obese Rats & Insulin Signalling

Research Paper Title Aerobic Exercise Improves Food Reward Systems in Obese Rats via Insulin Signaling Regulation of Dopamine Levels in the Nucleus Accumbens. Background The dopaminergic pathway, comprising projections from the ventral tegmental area to the nucleus accumbens, constitutes the core of the brain reward system. Insufficient food reward caused by dopamine signaling dysfunction in… Read More

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3 Types of Exercises for the Heart and Lungs

Heart and lung ailments are easily among the most common health issues that Americans suffer from. To make matters worse, their victims seem to be getting younger and younger each year. Because of this, health experts all over the nation are alarmed, and they have started disseminating information that helps individuals take better care of… Read More

Cardiovascular Conditioning: Is Faster Better?

The first step in any conditioning programme is to build an aerobic base. This requires two to four sessions per week of continuous aerobic activity (e.g. jogging or brisk walking) for 15 to 30 minutes at a moderate intensity. The target heart rate for many people during this form of exercise is approximately 130 to… Read More

What can Fitness Professionals Learn from Delivering a 5 Minute Session?

This was a challenge I was given recently, and my first reaction was, how am I going to teach anything in 5 minutes? But, of course, that was kinda the point. I duly planned my session, rehearsed, and thought I had it sussed. Then came the hard part, delivery. And, I didn’t deliver the session… Read More

When was the Term ‘Aerobics’ Coined?

Until the late 1960s, the idea of exercising for good health and well-being was virtually non-existent. Then in 1968, Kenneth H. Cooper, a Major in the US  Air Force Medical Corps, published a global bestseller in which he coined the term ‘aerobics’ and explained that the more the human body moves, the better it performs.… Read More

Need Oxygen to Breath: Convert Carbohydrates into Alcohol!

“GOLDFISH and their wild crucian carp relatives can survive for five months without breathing oxygen – and now we know how. The fish carry a set of enzymes that, when oxygen levels drop, helps convert carbohydrates into alcohol that can be released through the gills. For most animals, including humans, a lack of oxygen can be fatal in… Read More