Research Paper Title Genetic, Physiologic, and Behavioral Predictors of Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Specialized Military Men. Background Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is a crucial performance requirement of specialised military occupations. Age and physical activity are established predictors of CRF, but it is not clear how these predictors combine with each other and/or with genetic predisposition. The goal… Read More
Cardiovascular Conditioning: Is Faster Better?
The first step in any conditioning programme is to build an aerobic base. This requires two to four sessions per week of continuous aerobic activity (e.g. jogging or brisk walking) for 15 to 30 minutes at a moderate intensity. The target heart rate for many people during this form of exercise is approximately 130 to… Read More
Does Altitude Acclimatisation Alleviate the Hypoxia-Induced Suppression of Exogenous Glucose Oxidation During Steady-State Aerobic Exercise?
Research Paper Title Altitude Acclimatisation Alleviates the Hypoxia-Induced Suppression of Exogenous Glucose Oxidation During Steady-State Aerobic Exercise. Background This study investigated how high-altitude (HA, 4300 m) acclimatisation affected exogenous glucose oxidation during aerobic exercise. Methods Sea-level (SL) residents (n = 14 men) performed 80-min, metabolically matched exercise ( V˙ O2 ∼ 1.7 L/min) at SL… Read More
Sports Performance & Training Methodology: Animals vs Humans
Are you thinking about competing in a big race, e.g. a 10-miler or marathon, but are not looking forward to the months of gradually building up your fitness, pounding the streets mile after mile? Perhaps you should consider sitting on some water and eating a lot! That is what the Barnacle Goose does. “Until recently… Read More
Mice: Linking Aerobic Exercise & Heart Failure
Research Paper Title Aerobic exercise protects against pressure overload-induced cardiac dysfunction and hypertrophy via β3-AR-nNOS-NO activation. Background Aerobic exercise confers sustainable protection against cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure (HF). Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and nitric oxide (NO) are known to play an important role in exercise-mediated cardioprotection, but the mechanism of NOS/NO stimulation during exercise… Read More
Heat Acclimatisation: What is the Value of Short-term, Low-volume Training in the Operational Context?
Research Paper Title Short-Term, Low-Volume Training Improves Heat Acclimatization in an Operational Context. Background Personnel who travel to areas with a hot climate (WBGT > 27°C) may suffer from the heat (physiological strain, thermal discomfort, increased probability of heat illness), making them partially or fully inoperative. Performing physical activities during heat acclimatisation is known to… Read More
Is There Any Correlation between Physical Fitness Tests & Performance of Military Tasks?
Research Paper Title Correlations between Physical Fitness Tests & Performance of Military Tasks – A Systematic Review & Meta-Analyses. Purpose To help evaluate the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) and ensure a future test is associated with Soldiers’ performance of common physical job requirements, the USAPHC applied a Systematic Review (SR) methodology to identify and synthesize published… Read More
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