Are Soldiers Carrying Loads in Excess of 15 kg for Prolonged Periods at greater Risk of knee MSI than those with Less Exposure?

Research Paper Title Tibiofemoral joint contact forces increase with load magnitude and walking speed but remain almost unchanged with different types of carried load. Background Musculoskeletal injuries (MSI) in the military reduce soldier capability and impose substantial costs. Characterising biomechanical surrogates of MSI during commonly performed military tasks (e.g., load carriage) is necessary for evaluating… Read More

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Mild Traumatic Brain Injury & Post-Concussion Symptoms

Research Paper Title Long-Term Correlates of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury on Postconcussion Symptoms After Deployment to Iraq and Afghanistan in the UK Military. Background The researchers assessed whether mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) reported by UK service personnel between 2007 and 2009 was associated with post-concussion symptoms (PCS) 7 to 8 years later. Methods A… Read More

What are the Recommended Medical & Non-medical Factors to Assess Military Preventable Deaths?

Research Paper Title Recommended medical and non-medical factors to assess military preventable deaths: subject matter experts provide valuable insights. Background Historically, there has been variability in the methods for determining preventable death within the US Department of Defense. Differences in methodologies partially explain variable preventable death rates ranging from 3% to 51%. The lack of… Read More

What are the Factors that can Contribute to Stress Fractures?

Research Paper Title Biomechanical Model for Stress Fracture-related Factors in Athletes and Soldiers. Background Stress fractures (SF) are one of the most common and potentially serious overuse injuries. Thus, the purpose of this study aimed to develop a computational biomechanical model of strain in human tibial bone that will facilitate better understanding of the pathophysiology… Read More

What is the Prevalence & Covariates of Problematic Gambling among a US Military Cohort?

Research Paper Title Prevalence and covariates of problematic gambling among a US military cohort. Background The availability of and participation in gambling has increased substantially the past several decades, however studies of military members’ gambling behaviors are limited. The present study aimed to investigate potential problematic gambling and its association with demographics and behavioural characteristics… Read More

Can Genetic Perturbations of Inflammatory Response Contribute to the Risk of PTSD?

Research Paper Title Post-traumatic stress following military deployment: Genetic associations and cross-disorder genetic correlations. Background Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a complex psychiatric disorder that occurs with relatively high frequency after deployment to warzones (∼10%). While twin studies have estimated the heritability to be up to 40%, thus indicating a considerable genetic component in the… Read More

Does Running with Body Borne Load Elevate Injury Risk by Increasing Leg Stiffness & vGRFs?

Research Paper Title Sex and stride length impact leg stiffness and ground reaction forces when running with body borne load. Background This study quantified leg stiffness and vertical ground reactions forces (vGRF) measures for males and females using different stride lengths to run with four body borne loads (20, 25, 30, and 35 kg). Methods Thirty-six… Read More