What is the Long-term Capacity to Return to Work following Gunshot Injury?

Research Paper Title Occupational outcomes following combat-related gunshot injury: Cohort study. Background The long-term impact of gun violence on physical function and occupational disability remains poorly explored. The researchers sought to examine the effect of combat-related gunshot injury on work capacity within a cohort of military service members and identify clinical characteristics that influence the… Read More

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Canadian Armed Forces: Linking Cortisol & Cytokines with Age, Sex, and Anthropometry

Research Paper Title Levels of circulating cortisol and cytokines in members of the Canadian Armed Forces: Associations with age, sex and anthropometry. Background To assess blood levels of cortisol and cytokines (inflammatory and non-inflammatory) in members of the regular Canadian Armed Forces (CAF), and examine the associations between sex, age and adiposity and circulating levels… Read More

Do PTSD Symptoms, TBI, & Neurocognitive Decrements Contribute to Sustained Emotional Neurocognitive Symptoms over Time?

Research Paper Title Longitudinal Associations among Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms, Traumatic Brain Injury, and Neurocognitive Functioning in Army Soldiers Deployed to the Iraq War. Background Military deployment is associated with increased risk of adverse emotional and cognitive outcomes. Longitudinal associations involving posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), relatively mild traumatic brain injury (TBI), and neurocognitive compromise are… Read More

What is the Outcome of Triceps Rupture in the US Military?

Research Paper Title Outcomes of Triceps Rupture in the US Military: Minimum 2-Year Follow-up. Background The objective of this study was to examine the subjective and objective midterm functional clinical outcomes of surgically repaired triceps injuries in a moderate- to high-demand population. Methods The US Military Health System was queried to identify all surgically treated… Read More

Addressing Gaps in Military Cultural Competence in Medical Education

Research Paper Title Addressing Military Cultural Competence in Medical Education. Abstract Dr. Lypson and colleagues reported that continuing education workshops, aligned with objectives of the Joining Forces Initiative, can increase knowledge and understanding of veterans’ unique health needs among Veterans Health Administration (VHA) and non-VHA employees. However, based on the US House of Representatives Committee… Read More

Evaluating the Use of Methylsulfonylmethane versus Placebo to Prevent Knee Pain in Military Initial Entry Trainees

Research Paper Title A randomized controlled trial evaluating methylsulfonylmethane versus placebo to prevent knee pain in military initial entry trainees. Background Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) is a naturally occurring sulfur containing substance that has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidative properties. Previous studies using MSM as an oral supplement to improve pain in those patients with… Read More

Comparing Surgical Cricothyrotomy Techniques by US Army Combat Medics using a Synthetic Cadaver Model

Research Paper Title A randomized cross-over study comparing surgical cricothyrotomy techniques by combat medics using a synthetic cadaver model. Background Cricothyrotomy is a complex procedure with a high rate of complications including failure to cannulate and injury to adjacent anatomy. The Control-Cric™ System and QuickTrach II™ represent two novel devices designed to optimise success and… Read More