What was the Treaty of Montgomery?

Introduction The Treaty of Montgomery was an Anglo-Cambrian treaty signed on 29 September 1267 in Montgomeryshire by which Llywelyn ap Gruffudd was acknowledged as Prince of Wales by King Henry III of England (r. 1216-1272). It was the only time an English ruler recognised the right of a ruler of Gwynedd over Wales. Llywelyn’s grandfather… Read More

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What was the Morean War?

Introduction The Morean War (Italian: Guerra di Morea), also known as the Sixth Ottoman–Venetian War, was fought between 1684-1699 as part of the wider conflict known as the “Great Turkish War”, between the Republic of Venice and the Ottoman Empire. Military operations ranged from Dalmatia to the Aegean Sea, but the war’s major campaign was… Read More

What was the Alid Revolt?

Introduction The Alid revolt of 762–763 or Revolt of Muhammad the Pure Soul was an uprising by the Hasanid branch of the Alids against the newly established Abbasid Caliphate. The Hasanids, led by the brothers Muhammad (called “the Pure Soul”) and Ibrahim, rejected the legitimacy of the Abbasid family’s claim to power. Reacting to mounting… Read More

What is a Veteran Aware NHS Trust?

Introduction A group of 53 NHS providers have been accredited as exemplars of the best care for veterans, helping to drive improvements in NHS care for people who serve or have served in the UK armed forces and their families. Veteran Aware trusts are leading the way in improving veterans’ care within the NHS, as… Read More

Workout Sandbags for Military Fitness

Physical Training (PT) has always been an important part of military life. No matter what branch of the military they have been in, veterans will have memories of PT that involves many repetitions of exercises – such as press-ups (push-ups) and sit-ups. Today, more and more people are becoming aware of sandbag workouts. Exercise sandbags… Read More

7 Foods that Boost Testosterone in Humans

There are a variety of methods for increasing individual testosterone levels (T-levels). While exercise, lifting weights, controlled stress levels, good sleep, and sun exposure can aid in boosting testosterone levels, a balanced diet can do wonders for it also. A diet based on whole foods has the potential to both optimise testosterone levels and the… Read More

8 Simple Hacks to Sustain Your Home Workout Plan

For those of us who are used to the convenience of a commercial gym, home workouts can seem (for a variety of reasons) a foreign and challenging experience. If you have relied on the unique environment and huge variety of equipment to keep you motivated at your gym, working out in the living room can… Read More