An Overview of ‘Make Love, Not War’

Introduction “Make love, not war” is an anti-war slogan commonly associated with the American counterculture of the 1960s. It was used primarily by those who were opposed to the Vietnam War, but has been invoked in other anti-war contexts since, around the world. The “Make love” part of the slogan often referred to the practice… Read More


What are the Agent Orange Acts (US)?

Introduction The Agent Orange Acts is a collective term for a number of US Congress Bills and Acts that relate to Agent Orange, and include (not an exhaustive list): Title Status Veterans’ Agent Orange Exposure and Vietnam Service Benefits Act of 1989 Passed Senate: 1989. To require the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to complete the… Read More

What was the Chinh-Hunnicut Affair?

Introduction The Chinh-Hunnicutt affair, referred to in the Pentagon Papers, was a 1966 scandal concerning the proper role of US military advisors during the Vietnam War. Colonel Cecil F. Hunnicutt, the senior advisor to the ARVN 25th Division, was accused of misusing his position for: …trying to have the [Commanding General] CG removed, of attempting… Read More

What was the McGovern-Hatfield Amendment (1970)?

Introduction The McGovern-Hatfield Amendment (alternatively, Hatfield-McGovern Amendment) was a proposed amendment to an appropriations bill in 1970 during the Vietnam War that, if passed, would have required the end of United States military operations in the Republic of Vietnam by 31 December 1970 and a complete withdrawal of American forces halfway through the next year.… Read More

What was the Case-Church Amendment (1973)?

Introduction The Case-Church Amendment was legislation attached to a bill funding the US State Department. It was approved by the US Congress in June 1973 that prohibited further US military activity in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia unless the president secured Congressional approval in advance. Refer to Cooper-Church Amendment and McGovern-Hatfield Amendment. Background This ended direct… Read More

What was the Cooper-Church Amendment?

Introduction The Cooper-Church Amendment was introduced in the United States Senate during the Vietnam War. The amendment sought to cut off all funding to American war efforts in Cambodia. Its proposal was the first time that Congress had restricted the deployment of troops during a war against the wishes of the president. Refer to Case-Church… Read More

Who was Jon R. Cavaiani?

Introduction Jon Robert Cavaiani (02 August 1943 to 29 July 2014) was a United States Army soldier and a recipient of the United States military’s highest decoration, the Medal of Honour, for his actions in the Vietnam War. Biography Cavaiani was born in Murphys, County Offaly, Ireland, and went to England a short time afterwards.… Read More