What is a Smoke Screen?

Introduction A smoke screen (a military tactic) is smoke released to mask the movement or location of military units such as infantry, tanks, aircraft, or ships. Smoke screens are commonly deployed either by a canister (such as a grenade) or generated by a vehicle (such as a tank or a warship). Whereas smoke screens were… Read More

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What is Crossing the T in Naval Warfare?

Introduction Crossing the T or capping the T is a classic naval warfare tactic used from the late 19th to the mid-20th centuries in which a line of warships crosses in front of a line of enemy ships to allow the crossing line to bring all their guns to bear while it receives fire from… Read More

ACL Reconstruction & ‘Mid-Stage Training & Testing

Research Paper Optimising the ‘Mid-Stage’ Training and Testing Process After ACL Reconstruction. Background Outcomes following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction need improving, with poor return-to-sport rates and high risk of secondary re-injury. There is a need to improve rehabilitation strategies after ACL reconstruction, if we can support enhanced patient outcomes. This paper discusses how to… Read More

What are the 7 Human Body Movements?

Introduction An exercise professional should be able to inform their client that there are basic body movements that will be incorporated  into their training programme – regardless of whether they are new to exercise or an experienced athlete. There are seven basic movements the human body can perform, and all other exercises are merely variations… Read More

What is the Correlation of Self-reported Outcome Measures & the Selective Functional Movement Assessment (SFMA)?

Research Paper Title Correlation of Self-reported Outcome Measures and the Selective Functional Movement Assessment (SFMA): An Exploration of Validity. Background The Selective Functional Movement Assessment (SFMA) is a clinical model used to assist diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders by identifying dysfunctions in movement patterns. Based on the premise that addressing movement dysfunction is associated… Read More

Linking Pedalling Posture & Uphill Cycling

Research Paper Title Muscular activity during uphill cycling: Effect of slope, posture, hand grip position and constrained bicycle lateral sways. Background Despite the wide use of surface electromyography (EMG) to study pedalling movement, there is a paucity of data concerning the muscular activity during uphill cycling, notably in standing posture. The aim of this study was… Read More

Linking Attention, Walking & Mobile Phones

Cell phones are making people walk differently. A study that tracked how 21 people negotiated an obstacle and a step, without a phone or while texting, reading the screen, or making a call, found that using a phone made people walk slower and in less of a straight path, particularly when texting (Timmis et al., 2017). Reference Timmis, M.A, Bijl,… Read More