Whey Growth Factor Extract & Resistance Training

Research Paper Title No Effect of a Whey Growth Factor Extract during Resistance Training on Strength, Body Composition, or Hypertrophic Gene Expression in Resistance-Trained Young Men. Background Growth factors can be isolated from bovine milk to form a whey growth factor extract (WGFE). This study examined whether WGFE promoted activation of the AKT/mTOR pathway enabling… Read More


What is the Effect of Whole Body Vibration on the Handgrip Strength of Soldiers?

Research Paper Title Effects of Whole Body Vibration Intervention on Handgrip Strength of Brazilian Healthy Soldiers. Background Whole body vibration (WBV) exercises have been investigated as an alternative and complementary method to traditional resistance programs for fitness improvements in healthy subjects. Active militaries must have a high fitness level and have to improve some physical… Read More

Linking Muscle Strength, Area, Mass & Volume…

“A muscle’s strength is proportional to its cross-sectional area, and an animal’s mass is proportional to its volume. The volume of an animal decreases more sharply than the muscle cross-sectional area as the animal under consideration gets smaller, so a mosquito is “stronger”than the much larger vulture and can take on a greater pro rata load. This also explains why other insects,… Read More

Indoor Rowing: Benefits for All Abilities & Levels of Fitness

“…typically using around 300 calories in 30 minutes – pretty impressive for a ‘sitting-down exercise’” (Roberts, 2017, p.12) Despite not using all three planes of motion and being a sit down exercise (to the horror of functional training protagonists), there are many “benefits to indoor rowing.” (Roberts, 2017, p.12) and is an excellent exercise modality.… Read More

Discussing the Pathophysiology of Volumetric Muscle Loss (VML) Injury.

Research Paper Title Pathophysiology of Volumetric Muscle Loss Injury. Background Volumetric muscle loss (VML) injuries are prevalent in civilian and military trauma patients and are known to impart chronic functional deficits. The frank loss of muscle tissue that defines VML injuries is beyond the robust reparative and regenerative capacities of mammalian skeletal muscle. Given the… Read More

Millennials: Linking Lack of ‘Hard Work’ and Handshakes

For those of you who like a firm handshake, here are some interesting research/study findings: Researchers asked 237 participants aged under 30 to exert as much force as they could on a hand dynamometer, which measures grip force in pounds. The results showed that strength scores were lower for both men and women than they were… Read More

Physical Characteristics & Performance of Tactical Personnel: Full-Time versus Part-Time

Research Paper Title Differences in Physical Characteristics and Performance Measures of Part-Time and Full- Time Tactical Personnel: A Critical Narrative Review. Background Tactical personnel such as military, law enforcement and fire and rescue personnel routinely perform physically strenuous occupational tasks, requiring strength, endurance and cardiovascular fitness. Tactical populations are comprised of part-time and full-time personnel, with… Read More