What is a Junior Commissioned Officer?

Introduction Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO) is a term used for a group of military personnel which is higher than havildars and lower than lieutenants; this term is only used by Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. Senior havildars are promoted to JCO rank on the basis of merit and seniority, and are restricted by the number of… Read More


What is a Naik?

Introduction Naik (Nk; sometimes historically spelled nayak) is an Indian Army, Pakistan Army and Bangladesh Police rank equivalent to corporal. Background In Tamil, the word naik was used to indicate a lord or governor prior to its use as an equivalent to corporal in British India. The rank was previously used in the British Indian… Read More

What is a Lance Naik?

Introduction Lance naik (L/Nk) is the equivalent rank to lance corporal in the Indian, Pakistan and Bangladesh Armies and before 1947, in the British Indian Army, ranking below naik. Background In cavalry units the equivalent is acting lance daffadar. Like British lance corporals, each wears a single rank chevron. This page is based on the… Read More

What is a Lance Daffadar?

Introduction Lance daffadar is the equivalent rank to corporal in Pakistan, Indian and British Indian Army cavalry units, ranking between acting lance daffadar and daffadar. In other units the equivalent is naik. Like a British corporal, a lance daffadar wears two rank chevrons. Background Acting lance daffadar is the equivalent rank to lance corporal in… Read More

What is a Daffadar?

Introduction Daffadar (Hindustani: दफ़ादार (Devanagari) ; دفعدار (Nastaliq)) is the equivalent rank to sergeant in the Indian and Pakistani cavalry, as it was formerly in the British Indian Army. The rank below is lance daffadar. The equivalent in infantry and other units is havildar. Like a British sergeant, a daffadar wears three rank chevrons. Background… Read More

What is a Havildar?

Introduction Havildar or havaldar (Hindustani: हविलदार or हवलदार (Devanagari), حوالدار (Perso-Arabic)) is a rank in the Indian, Pakistani and Nepalese armies, equivalent to sergeant. It is not used in cavalry units, where the equivalent is Daffadar. Like a British sergeant, a havildar wears three rank chevrons. Brief History “Havildar” is a Persian word in origin… Read More

What is a Senior Enlisted Advisor?

Introduction A Senior Enlisted Advisor (SEA) in the United States Armed Forces is the most senior enlisted service member in a unit, and acts as an advisor to the commanding officer/general (CO/CG). Formally, E-9 billets for the senior enlisted advisor are established at Service unit (e.g. battalion, wing, or higher), command, major command, force, or… Read More