On This Day … 28 October

Events AD 97 – Emperor Nerva is forced by the Praetorian Guard to adopt general Marcus Ulpius Trajanus as his heir and successor. 306 – Maxentius is proclaimed Roman emperor. 312 – Constantine I defeats Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge, becoming the sole Roman emperor in the West. 969 – The Byzantine… Read More


On This Day … 27 October

Events 312 – Constantine is said to have received his famous Vision of the Cross. 939 – Æthelstan, the first king of all England, dies and is succeeded by his half-brother, Edmund I. 1275 – Traditional founding of the city of Amsterdam. 1524 – French troops lay siege to Pavia in the Italian Campaign of… Read More

On This Day … 26 October

Events 1185 – The Uprising of Asen and Peter begins on the feast day of St. Demetrius of Thessaloniki and ends with the creation of the Second Bulgarian Empire. 1341 – The Byzantine civil war of 1341-1347 formally begins with the proclamation of John VI Kantakouzenos as Byzantine Emperor. 1377 – Tvrtko I is crowned… Read More

On This Day … 25 October

Events 1147 – Seljuk Turks defeat German crusaders under Conrad III at the Battle of Dorylaeum. 1147 – Reconquista: After a siege of four months, crusader knights reconquer Lisbon. 1415 – Hundred Years’ War: Henry V of England, with his lightly armoured infantry and archers, defeats the heavily armoured French cavalry in the Battle of… Read More

On This Day … 24 October

Events AD 69 – In the Second Battle of Bedriacum, troops loyal to Vespasian defeat those of Emperor Vitellius. 1360 – The Treaty of Brétigny is ratified, marking the end of the first phase of the Hundred Years’ War. 1590 – John White, the governor of the second Roanoke Colony, returns to England after an… Read More

On This Day … 23 October

Events 42 BC – Liberators’ civil war: Mark Antony and Octavian decisively defeat Brutus’s army at the Battle of Philippi. Brutus commits suicide. 1086 – Spanish Reconquista: At the Battle of Sagrajas, the Almoravids defeats the Castilians, but are unable to take advantage of their victory. 1157 – The Battle of Grathe Heath ends a… Read More

On This Day … 22 October

Events 794 – Emperor Kanmu relocates the Japanese capital to Heian-kyō (now Kyoto). 906 – Ahmad ibn Kayghalagh leads a raid against the Byzantine Empire, taking 4,000–5,000 captives. 1383 – The male line of the Portuguese House of Burgundy becomes extinct with the death of King Fernando, leaving only his daughter Beatrice. Rival claimants begin… Read More