On This Day … 04 December

Events 771 – Austrasian king Carloman I dies, leaving his brother Charlemagne king of the now complete Frankish Kingdom. 1110 – The Kingdom of Jerusalem captures Sidon. 1259 – Kings Louis IX of France and Henry III of England agree to the Treaty of Paris, in which Henry renounces his claims to French-controlled territory on… Read More

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Who was Junior J. Spurrier?

Introduction Junior James Spurrier, born James Ira Spurrier, Jr., was a United States Army soldier who received the United States’ two highest military decorations for valour – the Medal of Honour and Distinguished Service Cross – for his heroic actions in World War II. Early Life and Education Spurrier was born on 14 December 1922,… Read More

On This Day … 03 December

Events 1775 – USS Alfred becomes the first vessel to fly the Grand Union Flag (the precursor to the Stars and Stripes); the flag is hoisted by John Paul Jones. 1799 – War of the Second Coalition: Battle of Wiesloch: Austrian Lieutenant Field Marshal Anton Sztáray defeats the French at Wiesloch (refer to the French… Read More

On This Day … 02 December

Events 1804 – At Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, Napoleon Bonaparte crowns himself Emperor of the French (Refer to the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars). 1805 – War of the Third Coalition: Battle of Austerlitz: French troops under Napoleon decisively defeat a joint Russo-Austrian force. 1823 – Monroe Doctrine: In a State of the… Read More

Who was John Brunt?

Introduction Captain John Henry Cound Brunt, VC, MC (06 December 1922 to 10 December 1944) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. He served in the Italian campaign during the Second World War and… Read More

On This Day … 01 December

Events 1420 – Henry V of England enters Paris (refer to Hundred Years’ War). 1640 – End of the Iberian Union: Portugal acclaims as King João IV of Portugal, ending 59 years of personal union of the crowns of Portugal and Spain and the end of the rule of the Philippine Dynasty. 1821 – José… Read More

On This Day … 30 November

Events 977 – Emperor Otto II lifts the siege at Paris and withdraws. His rearguard is defeated while crossing the Aisne River by Frankish forces under King Lothair III. 1707 – The second Siege of Pensacola comes to end with the failure of the British to capture Pensacola, Florida. 1718 – King Charles XII of… Read More