What was the Long March (1934-1935)?

Introduction The Long March (Chinese: 长征; pinyin: Chángzhēng, lit. Long Expedition) was a military retreat undertaken by the Red Army of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), the forerunner of the People’s Liberation Army, to evade the pursuit of the Kuomintang army (Refer to Chinese Civil War). Strictly speaking, the Long March was a series of… Read More

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What was Operation Beleaguer (1945-1949)?

Introduction Operation Beleaguer was a major United States military operation led by Major General Keller E. Rockey. He commanded 50,000 men of the III Marine Amphibious Corps that deployed to northeastern China’s Hopeh (Hebei, 河北) and Shantung (Shandong, 山东) provinces between 1945 and 1949. The main objectives of the operation were the repatriation of more… Read More

What was the First Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895)?

Introduction The First Sino-Japanese War (25 July 1894 to 17 April 1895) was a conflict between the Qing dynasty of China and the Empire of Japan primarily over influence in Joseon Korea. After more than six months of unbroken successes by Japanese land and naval forces and the loss of the port of Weihaiwei, the… Read More

What was the Chinese Communist Revolution?

Introduction The Chinese Communist Revolution, known in the mainland China as the War of Liberation (simplified Chinese: 解放战争; traditional Chinese: 解放戰爭; pinyin: Jiěfàng Zhànzhēng), was the conflict, led by the Communist Party of China and Chairman Mao Zedong, that resulted in the proclamation of the People’s Republic of China, on 01 October 1949. The revolution… Read More

What was the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945)?

The Second Sino-Japanese War (07 July 1937 to 02 September 1945) was a military conflict that was primarily waged between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan. Refer to First Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895). In China, the war is known as the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression (simplified Chinese: 中国抗日战争; traditional Chinese: 中國抗日戰爭;… Read More

What was the Chinese Civil War (1927-1949)?

The Chinese Civil War was a civil war in China fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China (ROC) and the Communist Party of China (CPC) lasting intermittently between 1927 and 1949. The war is generally divided into two phases with an interlude: from August 1927 to 1937, the KMT-CPC Alliance collapsed… Read More