Who was Pascal Cleatus Poolaw?

Introduction Pascal Cleatus Poolaw (29 January 1922 to 07 November 1967) was a Kiowa who served with the United States Army in World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. He is the United States’ most decorated Native American, with 42 medals and citations, including four Silver Stars, five Bronze Stars, as well… Read More


Who was Einar H. Ingman Jr?

Introduction Einar Harold Ingman Jr. (06 October 1929 to 09 September 2015) was a United States Army soldier who received the Medal of Honour for his actions during the Third Battle of Wonju in the Korean War (1950-1953). Military Service Ingman was born on 06 October 1929, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and grew up on a… Read More

What was the Korean War (1950-1953)?

Introduction The Korean War (South Korean: Korean: 6.25 전쟁, 한국전쟁; Hanja: 韓國戰爭; RR: Yugio Jeonjaeng, Hanguk Jeonjaeng; North Korean: Korean: 조국해방전쟁; Hanja: 祖國解放戰爭; MR: Choguk haebang chŏnjaeng, “Fatherland Liberation War”; 25 June 1950 to 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea… Read More

What was the 1952 Inter-Camp POW Olympics?

Introduction The 1952 Inter-Camp P.O.W. Olympics (Chinese: 1952年战俘营奥运会; 碧潼战俘营奥运会), also known as Inter-Camp POW Olympic Games, was a mock Olympic Games held at the Pyuktong Prisoner-of-War Camp (碧潼战俘营) of the Chinese People’s Volunteer Army during the Korean War. The athletes were all United Nations (UN) Prisoners of War (POWs). It was often used as a… Read More

What is a War of Aggression?

Introduction A war of aggression, sometimes also war of conquest, is a military conflict waged without the justification of self-defence, usually for territorial gain and subjugation. Wars without international legality (i.e. not out of self-defence nor sanctioned by the United Nations (UN) Security Council) can be considered wars of aggression; however, this alone usually does… Read More

Art of Directing…

“Leadership is one of the oldest and most distinctive arts in the profession of arms; in its simplest definition, it is the art of directing the actions of others.” Arthur G. Trudeau (1902 to 1911) Arthur Gilbert Trudeau was a Lieutenant General in the United States Army. He is best known for his command of… Read More

Backward & Forward…

“A good soldier, whether he leads a platoon or an army, is expected to look backward as well as forward; but he must think only forward.” General Douglas MacArthur (1880 to 1964) A US Army General who is widely known for his exploits during World War II, where he commanded the Southwest Pacific Theatre, as… Read More