What was the Baghdad Pact?

Introduction The Central Treaty Organisation (CENTO), originally known as the Baghdad Pact or the Middle East Treaty Organisation (METO) (disambiguation), was a military alliance of the Cold War. It was formed in 1955 by Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey and the United Kingdom and dissolved in 1979. US pressure and promises of military and economic aid… Read More


What was the 1969 EC-121 Shootdown Incident?

Introduction On 15 April 1969, a United States Navy Lockheed EC-121M Warning Star of Fleet Air Reconnaissance Squadron One (VQ-1) on a reconnaissance mission was shot down by a North Korean MiG-21 aircraft over the Sea of Japan. The plane crashed 90 nautical miles (167 km) off the North Korean coast and all 31 Americans… Read More

What was the Catalina Affair (1952)?

Introduction The Catalina affair (Swedish: Catalinaaffären) was a military confrontation and Cold War-era diplomatic crisis in June 1952, in which Soviet Air Force fighter jets shot down two Swedish aircraft over international waters in the Baltic Sea. The first aircraft to be shot down was an unarmed Swedish Air Force Tp 79, a derivative of… Read More

Tough Guys…

“I don’t mind being called tough, since I find in this racket it’s the tough guys who lead the survivors.” Curtis E. LeMay (1906 to 1990) Curtis Emerson LeMay was a General in the US Air Force whose expertise in strategic bombardment techniques was important during World War II and the Cold War. As commander… Read More