What was Operation Herrick (2002-2014)?

Introduction Operation Herrick was the codename under which all British operations in the War in Afghanistan (2001-2021) were conducted from 2002 to the end of combat operations in 2014. It consisted of the British contribution to the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), and support to the American-led Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), within the central… Read More

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What was Operation Gladio (1956-1990)?

Introduction Operation Gladio is the codename for clandestine “stay-behind” operations of armed resistance that were organised by the Western Union (WU), and subsequently by NATO and the CIA, in collaboration with several European intelligence agencies. The operation was designed for a potential Warsaw Pact invasion and conquest of Europe. Although Gladio specifically refers to the… Read More

Brigade of Gurkhas Gets a ‘New’ Battalion

The Allied Rapid Reaction Corps Support Battalion has been re-designated as part of the Brigade of Gurkhas and renamed accordingly. Now known as the Gurkha Allied Rapid Reaction Corps Support Battalion, the formation will continue to enable and provide force protection to HQ ARRC, the British-led NATO warfighting outfit. Speaking at a parade to mark… Read More

What was the Southeast Asia Treaty Organisation?

Introduction The Southeast Asia Treaty Organisation (SEATO) was an international organisation for collective defence in Southeast Asia created by the Southeast Asia Collective Defence Treaty, or Manila Pact, signed in September 1954. Primarily created to block further communist gains in Southeast Asia, SEATO is generally considered a failure because internal conflict and dispute hindered general… Read More

What is the Secretary General of NATO?

Introduction The secretary general of NATO is the chief civil servant of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). The officeholder is an international diplomat responsible for coordinating the workings of the alliance, leading NATO’s international staff, chairing the meetings of the North Atlantic Council and most major committees of the alliance, with the notable exception… Read More

What was the Schuman Declaration (1950)?

Introduction The Schuman Declaration was a speech made by the French Minister of Europe and Foreign Affairs, Robert Schuman, on 09 May 1950. It proposed placing French and West German production of coal and steel under a single authority that would later be opened to other European countries. The ultimate goal was to pacify relations,… Read More

What is the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)?

Introduction The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), or Shanghai Pact, is a Eurasian political, economic, and security alliance, the creation of which was announced on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai, China by the leaders of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan; the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Charter, formally establishing the organisation, was signed in June 2002… Read More