What is Peacemaking?

Introduction Peacemaking is practical conflict transformation focused upon establishing equitable power relationships robust enough to forestall future conflict, often including the establishment of means of agreeing on ethical decisions within a community, or among parties, that had previously engaged in inappropriate (i.e. violent) responses to conflict. Peacemaking seeks to achieve full reconciliation among adversaries and… Read More


What is Peacekeeping?

Introduction Peacekeeping comprises activities intended to create conditions that favour lasting peace. Research generally finds that peacekeeping reduces civilian and battlefield deaths, as well as reduces the risk of renewed warfare. Within the United Nations (UN) group of nation-state governments and organisations, there is a general understanding that at the international level, peacekeepers monitor and… Read More

What is the Organisation for Security and Co-Operation in Europe?

Introduction The Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is the world’s largest regional security-oriented intergovernmental organisation with observer status at the United Nations. Its mandate includes issues such as arms control, promotion of human rights, freedom of the press, and free and fair elections. It employs around 3,460 people, mostly in its field… Read More

What is National Peacekeepers’ Day?

Introduction National Peacekeepers’ Day (French: Journée Nationale des Casques Bleus) is an official remembrance day for Canadian veterans of military peacekeeping activities. Background It is officially marked on 9 August of each year and alternatively may be observed on the closest Sunday. The date was chosen to commemorate 09 August 1974, when nine Canadian peacekeepers… Read More

What is the United Nations Truce Supervision Organisation?

Introduction The United Nations Truce Supervision Organisation (UNTSO) is an organisation founded on 29 May 1948 for peacekeeping in the Middle East. Established amidst the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, its primary task was initially to provide the military command structure to the peacekeeping forces in the Middle East to enable the peacekeepers to observe and maintain… Read More

What is the International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers?

Introduction The International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers, 29 May, is “an international day to pay tribute to all the men and women who have served and continue to serve in United Nations peacekeeping operations for their high level of professionalism, dedication, and courage and to honor the memory of those who have lost their… Read More

What is the International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict?

Introduction The International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict is an international day observed annually on 06 November. Background The International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict was established on 05 November 2001, by the United Nations General Assembly, during Kofi… Read More