Introduction The Salvadoran Civil War (Spanish: Guerra Civil de El Salvador) was a twelve year period of civil war in El Salvador that was fought between the government of El Salvador and the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN), a coalition or “umbrella organisation” of left-wing groups. A coup on 15 October 1979 followed by… Read More
What is a Military Government?
Introduction A military government is generally any form of government that is administered by military forces, whether or not this government is legal under the laws of the jurisdiction at issue, and whether this government is formed by natives or by an occupying power. It is usually carried out by military workers. Types of military… Read More
What is Stratocracy?
Introduction A stratocracy (from στρατός, stratos, “army” and κράτος, kratos, “dominion”, “power”, also stratiocracy) is a form of government headed by military chiefs. The branches of government are administered by military forces, the government is legal under the laws of the jurisdiction at issue, and is usually carried out by military workers. Refer to Militarism,… Read More
What is Martial Law?
Introduction Martial law is the imposition of direct military control of normal civil functions or suspension of civil law by a government, especially in response to an emergency where civil forces are overwhelmed, or in an occupied territory. Use Martial law can be used by governments to enforce their rule over the public, as seen… Read More
What was the Dirty War (1974-1983)?
Introduction The Dirty War (Spanish: Guerra sucia) is the name used by the military junta or civic-military dictatorship of Argentina (Spanish: dictadura cívico-militar de Argentina) for the period of state terrorism in Argentina from 1974 to 1983 as a part of Operation Condor, during which military and security forces and right-wing death squads in the… Read More
What was the US Intervention in Chile?
Introduction United States intervention in Chilean politics started during the War of Chilean Independence (1812-1826). The influence of the United States of America in both the economic and the political arenas of Chile has since gradually increased over the last two centuries, and continues to be significant. Chilean Independence The arrival of Joel Roberts Poinsett,… Read More
An Overview of the Armed Resistance in Chile (1973-1990)
Introduction Following the 1973 Chilean coup d’état, an armed leftist resistance movement against Augusto Pinochet’s dictatorship developed until 1990 when democracy was restored. This conflict was part of the South American theatre in the Cold War, with the United States backing the Chilean military and the Soviet Union backing the guerrillas. The main armed resistance… Read More
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