What was the Dirty War (1974-1983)?

Introduction The Dirty War (Spanish: Guerra sucia) is the name used by the military junta or civic-military dictatorship of Argentina (Spanish: dictadura cívico-militar de Argentina) for the period of state terrorism in Argentina from 1974 to 1983 as a part of Operation Condor, during which military and security forces and right-wing death squads in the… Read More

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What was the US Intervention in Chile?

Introduction United States intervention in Chilean politics started during the War of Chilean Independence (1812-1826). The influence of the United States of America in both the economic and the political arenas of Chile has since gradually increased over the last two centuries, and continues to be significant. Chilean Independence The arrival of Joel Roberts Poinsett,… Read More

An Overview of the Armed Resistance in Chile (1973-1990)

Introduction Following the 1973 Chilean coup d’état, an armed leftist resistance movement against Augusto Pinochet’s dictatorship developed until 1990 when democracy was restored. This conflict was part of the South American theatre in the Cold War, with the United States backing the Chilean military and the Soviet Union backing the guerrillas. The main armed resistance… Read More

What was the Chilean Coup D’Etat (1973)?

Introduction The 1973 Chilean coup d’état was a military coup in Chile that deposed the Popular Unity government of President Salvador Allende. On 11 September 1973, after an extended period of social unrest and political tension between the opposition-controlled Congress and the socialist President, as well as economic war ordered by US President Richard Nixon,… Read More

What is a Military Junta?

Introduction A military junta is a government led by a committee of military leaders. The term junta means “meeting” or “committee” and originated in the national and local junta organised by the Spanish resistance to Napoleon’s invasion of Spain in 1808 (refer to Napoleonic Wars). The term is now used to refer to an authoritarian… Read More

An Overview of Civilian Control of the Military

Introduction Civilian control of the military is a doctrine in military and political science that places ultimate responsibility for a country’s strategic decision-making in the hands of the civilian political leadership, rather than professional military officers. Civilian control is often seen as a prerequisite feature of a stable liberal democracy. Use of the term in… Read More

What is a Military Dictatorship?

Introduction A military dictatorship (also known as a khakistocracy) is a dictatorship in which the military exerts complete or substantial control over political authority, and the dictator is often a high-ranked military officer. The reverse situation is to have civilian control of the military. Creation and Evolution Most military dictatorships are formed after a coup… Read More