What is a Military Dictatorship?

Introduction A military dictatorship (also known as a khakistocracy) is a dictatorship in which the military exerts complete or substantial control over political authority, and the dictator is often a high-ranked military officer. The reverse situation is to have civilian control of the military. Creation and Evolution Most military dictatorships are formed after a coup… Read More

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What was the Military Academy Incident (1934)?

Introduction The Military Academy incident (士官学校事件, Shikan Gakko Jiken), also known as the November incident (十一月事件, Juichigatsu Jiken) was an attempted coup d’état that took place in Japan in November 1934. It was one of a sequence of similar conspiracies for a “Shōwa Restoration” led by radical elements with the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA). Refer… Read More

What was the October Incident (1931)?

Introduction The October incident (十月事件, Jūgatsu Jiken), also known as the Imperial Colours incident (錦旗革命事件, Kinki Kakumei Jiken), was an abortive coup d’état attempt in Japan on 21 October 1931, launched by the Sakurakai secret society within the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA), aided by civilian ultranationalist groups. Refer to March Incident (1931), October Incident (1931),… Read More

What was the March Incident (1931)?

Introduction The March Incident (三月事件, Sangatsu Jiken) was an abortive coup d’état attempt in Japan, in March 1931, launched by the radical Sakurakai secret society within the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA), aided by civilian ultranationalist groups. Refer to March Incident (1931), October Incident (1931), May 15 Incident (1932), Military Academy Incident (1934), February 26 Incident… Read More

What was the February 26 Incident (1936)?

Introduction The February 26 Incident (二・二六事件, Ni Ni-Roku Jiken, also known as the 2-26 Incident) was an attempted coup d’état in the Empire of Japan on 26 February 1936. It was organised by a group of young Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) officers with the goal of purging the government and military leadership of their factional… Read More

What was the Rum Rebellion (1808)?

Introduction The Rum Rebellion of 1808 was a coup d’état in the then-British penal colony of New South Wales, staged by the New South Wales Corps in order to depose Governor William Bligh. Australia’s first and only military coup, it is named after the illicit rum trade of early Sydney, over which the Rum Corps,… Read More

What was the 14 July Revolution (1958)?

Introduction The 14 July Revolution, also known as the 1958 Iraqi coup d’état, took place on 14 July 1958 in Iraq, and resulted in the overthrow of the Hashemite monarchy in Iraq that had been established by King Faisal I in 1921 under the auspices of the British. King Faisal II, Prince ‘Abd al-Ilah, and… Read More