What was the Chilean Coup D’Etat (1973)?

Introduction The 1973 Chilean coup d’état was a military coup in Chile that deposed the Popular Unity government of President Salvador Allende. On 11 September 1973, after an extended period of social unrest and political tension between the opposition-controlled Congress and the socialist President, as well as economic war ordered by US President Richard Nixon,… Read More

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What is a Military Junta?

Introduction A military junta is a government led by a committee of military leaders. The term junta means “meeting” or “committee” and originated in the national and local junta organised by the Spanish resistance to Napoleon’s invasion of Spain in 1808 (refer to Napoleonic Wars). The term is now used to refer to an authoritarian… Read More

An Overview of Civilian Control of the Military

Introduction Civilian control of the military is a doctrine in military and political science that places ultimate responsibility for a country’s strategic decision-making in the hands of the civilian political leadership, rather than professional military officers. Civilian control is often seen as a prerequisite feature of a stable liberal democracy. Use of the term in… Read More

What is a Military Dictatorship?

Introduction A military dictatorship (also known as a khakistocracy) is a dictatorship in which the military exerts complete or substantial control over political authority, and the dictator is often a high-ranked military officer. The reverse situation is to have civilian control of the military. Refer to Military Government. Creation and Evolution Most military dictatorships are… Read More

What was the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939)?

Introduction The Spanish Civil War (Spanish: Guerra Civil Española) was a civil war in Spain fought from 1936 to 1939. Republicans loyal to the left-leaning Popular Front government of the Second Spanish Republic, in alliance with anarchists, of the communist and syndicalist variety, fought against a revolt by the Nationalists, an alliance of Falangists, monarchists,… Read More