Finest Human Qualities…

“The world will never have lasting peace so long as men reserve for war the finest human qualities. Peace, no less than war, requires idealism and self-sacrifice and a righteous and dynamic faith.” John Foster Dulles (1888 to 1959) A US secretary of state (1953–59) under President Dwight D. Eisenhower (a WWII army general). He… Read More

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Peace with Honour…

“This is the second time in our history that there has come back from Germany to Downing Street peace with honour. I believe it is peace for our time.” Neville Chamberlain (1869 to 1940) As Minister of Health, he introduced the Local Government Act of 1929 reforming the Poor Law, effectively laying the foundations of… Read More

War: Sympathy & Neighbours

“However much we may sympathise with a small nation confronted by a big and powerful neighbour, we cannot in all circumstances undertake to involve the whole British Empire in a war simply on her account. If we have to fight it must be on larger issues than that…” Neville Chamberlain (1869 to 1940) Talking as… Read More

Fools & Experience…

“Fools say they learn by experience. I prefer to profit by others’ experience.” Bismark (1815-1898) Otto Eduard Leopold, Prince of Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg known as Otto von Bismarck was a conservative Prussian statesman who dominated German and European affairs from the 1860s until 1890 and was the first Chancellor of the German Empire between… Read More

Allegiance and Ground…

In most forms of unconventional war, the objective is the allegiance of the people around whom, and presumably on whose behalf,  the conflict is taking place. The occupation of some specific bit of ground is secondary, if it matters at all. Thomas K. Adams (US Special Forces Operations in Action: The Challenge of Unconventional Warfare,… Read More

Linking Violence, Temperature and Crop Yields

“Research finds a strong historical link between poor crop yields and violence.” (The Economist, 2017, p.57). Last year over 102,000 people died in nearly 50 armed conflicts across the world, according to the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO), a think-tank. Much of this violence is caused by tensions between ethnic groups – two-thirds of civil wars have… Read More