Steel Nails…

“A good man does not make a warrior, just as good steel does not go for nails.” Confucius (551 to 479 BCE) Confucius, Pinyin romanisation Kongfuzi, or Kongzi, Wade-Giles K’ung-fu-tzu, or K’ung-tzu, original name Kongqiu, literary name Zhongni, was China’s most famous teacher, philosopher, and political theorist, whose ideas have influenced the civilisation of East… Read More

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Short Decisive Wars & Human Illusions…

“The belief in the possibility of a short decisive war appear to be one of the most ancient and dangerous of human illusions.” Robert Lynd (1892 to 1970) Robert Staughton Lynd, and Helen Lynd, were a husband-and-wife team of American sociologists who collaborated on the Middletown books, which became classics of sociological literature as well… Read More

War & the State…

“Without war no State could be. All those we know of arose through war, and the protection of their members by armed force remains their primary and essential task. War, therefore, will endure to the end of history, as long as there is a multiplicity of states.” Heinrich von Treitschke (1834 to 196) Heinrich von… Read More

Are Armed-conflict Risks Enhanced by Climate-related Disasters in Ethnically Fractionalised Countries?

Research Paper Title Armed-conflict risks enhanced by climate-related disasters in ethnically fractionalised countries Abstract Social and political tensions keep on fueling armed conflicts around the world. Although each conflict is the result of an individual context-specific mixture of interconnected factors, ethnicity appears to play a prominent and almost ubiquitous role in many of them. This overall state… Read More

What was Project Popeye?

Ok, so the name Project Popeye is slightly misleading, as it is not about some sailor eating spinach and having super strength. During the Vietnam war in the 1960s, US forces attempted to use cloud seeding to make the Ho Chi Minh Trail impassable, in Vietnam, an effort known as Project Popeye (Hambling, 2018). It failed, but a… Read More