A Brief Overview of Insurgency

Introduction An insurgency is a violent, armed rebellion against authority waged by small, lightly armed bands who practice guerrilla warfare from primarily rural base areas. The key descriptive feature of insurgency is its asymmetric nature: small irregular forces face a large, well-equipped, regular military force state adversary. Due to this asymmetry, insurgents avoid large-scale direct… Read More

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What was the Restoration of Order in Ireland Act 1920 (UK)?

Introduction The Restoration of Order in Ireland Act 1920 (10 & 11 Geo. 5 c. 31) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed on 9 August 1920 to address the collapse of the British civilian administration in Ireland during the Irish War of Independence. In effect a special extension of the… Read More

An Overview of the Armed Resistance in Chile (1973-1990)

Introduction Following the 1973 Chilean coup d’état, an armed leftist resistance movement against Augusto Pinochet’s dictatorship developed until 1990 when democracy was restored. This conflict was part of the South American theatre in the Cold War, with the United States backing the Chilean military and the Soviet Union backing the guerrillas. The main armed resistance… Read More

What was the Second Boer War (1899-1902)?

Introduction The Second Boer War (Afrikaans: Tweede Vryheidsoorlog, lit. “Second Freedom War”, 11 October 1899 to 31 May 1902), also known as the Boer War, the Anglo-Boer War, or the South African War, was a conflict fought between the British Empire and the two Boer Republics (the South African Republic and the Orange Free State)… Read More

What was the Ararat Rebellion (1927-1930)?

Introduction The Ararat rebellion, also known as the Ağrı rebellion (Turkish: Ağrı ayaklanmaları or Ağrı isyanı), was a 1930 uprising of the Kurds of Ağrı Province, in eastern Turkey, against the Turkish government. The leader of the guerrilla forces during the rebellion was Ihsan Nuri of the Jibran tribe. Background In 1926, before the Ararat… Read More

Who was Josip Broz Tito?

Introduction Josip Broz (07 May 1892 to 04 May 1980), commonly known as Tito, was a Yugoslav communist revolutionary and statesman, serving in various roles from 1943 until his death in 1980. During World War II, he was the leader of the Partisans, often regarded as the most effective resistance movement in occupied Europe. He… Read More

What are Wars of National Liberation?

Introduction Wars of national liberation or national liberation revolutions are conflicts fought by nations to gain independence. The term is used in conjunction with wars against foreign powers (or at least those perceived as foreign) to establish separate sovereign states for the rebelling nationality. From a different point of view, such wars are called insurgencies,… Read More