What was the Ararat Rebellion (1927-1930)?

Introduction The Ararat rebellion, also known as the Ağrı rebellion (Turkish: Ağrı ayaklanmaları or Ağrı isyanı), was a 1930 uprising of the Kurds of Ağrı Province, in eastern Turkey, against the Turkish government. The leader of the guerrilla forces during the rebellion was Ihsan Nuri of the Jibran tribe. Background In 1926, before the Ararat… Read More

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Who was Josip Broz Tito?

Introduction Josip Broz (07 May 1892 to 04 May 1980), commonly known as Tito, was a Yugoslav communist revolutionary and statesman, serving in various roles from 1943 until his death in 1980. During World War II, he was the leader of the Partisans, often regarded as the most effective resistance movement in occupied Europe. He… Read More

What are Wars of National Liberation?

Introduction Wars of national liberation or national liberation revolutions are conflicts fought by nations to gain independence. The term is used in conjunction with wars against foreign powers (or at least those perceived as foreign) to establish separate sovereign states for the rebelling nationality. From a different point of view, such wars are called insurgencies,… Read More

What is Unconventional Warfare?

Introduction Unconventional warfare (UW) is the support of a foreign insurgency or resistance movement against its government or an occupying power. Whereas conventional warfare is used to reduce the opponent’s military capability directly through attacks and manoeuvres, UW is an attempt to achieve victory indirectly through a proxy force. UW contrasts with conventional warfare in… Read More

What was the Algerian Civil war (1991-2002)?

Introduction The Algerian Civil War was a civil war in Algeria fought between the Algerian government and various Islamist rebel groups from 26 December 1991 (following a coup negating an Islamist electoral victory) to 08 February 2002. The war began slowly as it first appeared the government had successfully crushed the Islamist movement, but armed… Read More

What was the Algerian War (1954-1962)?

Introduction The Algerian War, also known as the Algerian Revolution or the Algerian War of Independence, and sometimes in Algeria as the War of 01 November, was fought between France and the Algerian National Liberation Front (French: Front de Libération Nationale, FLN) from 01 November 1954 to 19 March 1962, which led to Algeria winning… Read More

What was the Malayan Emergency (1948-1960)?

Introduction The Malayan Emergency was a guerrilla war fought in the Federation of Malaya between pro-independence fighters of the Malayan National Liberation Army (MNLA), the Malayan Communist Party’s (MCP) armed wing, against the armed forces of the British Empire and Commonwealth. The war was fought over attempts by communist forces to gain independence for Malaya… Read More