An Overview of Opposition to World War I

Introduction Opposition to World War I included socialist, anarchist, syndicalist, and Marxist groups on the left, as well as Christian pacifists, Canadian and Irish nationalists, women’s groups, intellectuals, and rural folk. The socialist movements had declared before the war their opposition to a war which they said could only mean workers killing each other in… Read More

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What is Defencivism?

Introduction Defencivism is a philosophical standpoint related in spirit to the non-aggression principle. It is a halfway point between other combat or violence based philosophies, such as just war and pacifism. Refer to Antimilitarism. Concept Defencivism has a standpoint that only defensive actions are moral. One may move to aid someone in immediate danger or… Read More

What is Pacifism?

Introduction Pacificism is the general term for ethical opposition to violence or war unless force is deemed necessary. Contrast with Antimilitarism. Together with pacifism, it is born from the Western tradition or attitude that calls for peace. The former involves the unconditional refusal to support violence or absolute pacifism, but pacificism views the prevention of… Read More

What is Antimilitarism?

Introduction Antimilitarism (also spelt anti-militarism) is a doctrine that opposes war, relying heavily on a critical theory of imperialism and was an explicit goal of the First and Second International. Whereas pacifism is the doctrine that disputes (especially between countries) should be settled without recourse to violence, Paul B. Miller defines anti-militarism as “ideology and… Read More