What is Executive Order 10730?

Introduction WHEREAS on September 23, 1957, I issued Proclamation No.3204 reading in part as follows: “WHEREAS certain persons in the state of Arkansas, individually and in unlawful assemblages, combinations, and conspiracies, have wifully obstructed the enforcement of orders of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas with respect to matters relating… Read More

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What is the Insurrection Act of 1807?

Introduction The Insurrection Act of 1807 is a United States federal law that empowers the President of the United States to deploy US military and federalised National Guard troops within the United States in particular circumstances, such as to suppress civil disorder, insurrection, or rebellion. The act provides a “statutory exception” to the Posse Comitatus… Read More

What was the Enrolment Act of 1863?

Introduction The Enrollment Act of 1863 (12 Stat. 731, enacted 03 March 1863) also known as the Civil War Military Draft Act, was an Act passed by the United States Congress during the American Civil War to provide fresh manpower for the Union Army. An Act for enrolling and calling out the national Forces, and… Read More

What was the Militia Act of 1862?

Introduction The Militia Act of 1862 (12 Stat. 597, enacted 17 July 1862) was an Act of the 37th United States Congress, during the American Civil War, that authorised a militia draft within a state when the state could not meet its quota with volunteers. An Act to amend the Act calling forth the Militia… Read More

What was the Military Peace Establishment Act (1802)?

Introduction The Military Peace Establishment Act documented and advanced a new set of laws and limits for the US military. It was approved by Congress and signed on 16 March 1802, by President Thomas Jefferson, who was fundamental in its drafting and proposal. The Act outlined in 29 sections the rules, the number of officers… Read More

What was the National Security Act of 1947?

Introduction The National Security Act of 1947 was a law enacting major restructuring of the United States government’s military and intelligence agencies following World War II. An Act to promote the national security by providing for a Secretary of Defense; for a National Military Establishment; for a Department of the Army, a Department of the… Read More

What is the Posse Comitatus Act?

Introduction The Posse Comitatus Act is a United States federal law (18 U.S.C. § 1385, original at 20 Stat. 152) signed on 18 June 1878, by President Rutherford B. Hayes which limits the powers of the federal government in the use of federal military personnel to enforce domestic policies within the United States. The Act… Read More