Opium: British Legacy…

“In the 19th century China was defeated in two wars against Britain that were caused by British sales of contraband opium produced from Indian-grown poppies.” (The Economist, 2018, p.41). The Opium Wars were two armed conflicts in China in the mid-19th century between the forces of Western countries and of the Qing dynasty, which ruled… Read More

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When was the Rocket Born?

“The first rockets were Chinese. In the 1230s the armies of the Song dynasty, who were fighting Mongol invaders, started launching “fire arrows” propelled by gunpowder some 300 metres into enemy lines. When the Song’s artillerymen realised that these arrows continued to fly straight even after their fiery exhaust had burned away their feathers, they removed the fletching and the… Read More

Guerrillas Supplies…

“The equipment of guerrillas cannot be used on what they want, or even on what they need, but on what is available for their use … Guerrillas must not depend too much on an armoury; the enemy is their principal source of supply.” Mao Tse-Tung (1893 to 1976) Mao was the principal Chinese Marxist theorist,… Read More

Voluntary Guerrillas…

“The people must be inspired to cooperate voluntarily. We must not force them, for it we do it will be ineffectual.” Mao Tse-Tung (1893 to 1976) Mao was the principal Chinese Marxist theorist, soldier, and statesman who led his country’s communist revolution. He was the leader of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) from 1935 until… Read More

The Fountain of Guerrilla Warfare…

“The fountain of guerrilla warfare is in the masses of people, who organize guerrilla units directly from themselves.” Mao Tse-Tung (1893 to 1976) Mao was the principal Chinese Marxist theorist, soldier, and statesman who led his country’s communist revolution. He was the leader of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) from 1935 until his death, and… Read More

Destroying Life Lines…

“If [a conventional army facing guerrillas] can maintain communications, she will be able at will to concentrate powerful forces speedily at strategic points to our engage our organized units in decisive battle … severing her supply lines destroys her life line.” Mao Tse-Tung (1893 to 1976) Mao was the principal Chinese Marxist theorist, soldier, and… Read More

Changing Conditions, Changing Methods…

“It is necessary to be completely unsympathetic to abstract formulas and rules and to study with sympathy the conditions of the actual fighting, for these will change in accordance with the physical and economic situations and the realization of the people’s aspirations. These progressive changes in conditions create new methods.” Mao Tse-Tung (1893 to 1976)… Read More